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PURPOSE The present study was done to evaluate the clinical characteristics of a large series of adult patients with chronic idiopathic neutropenia, and correlate the presence of antineutrophil antibodies, their class (IgG or IgM), and their ability to fix complement with clinical parameters, including other hemocytopenias, splenomegaly, and infections. (More)
There have been several new developments in the field of autoimmune neutropenia over the past decade. Neutropenia caused by antibodies directed against granulocyte precursor cells, the oligoclonal nature of antineutrophil antibodies, and the expanding knowledge of neutrophil antigens, particularly in relationship to autoantibodies, are exciting new areas of(More)
The present study evaluated complement activation during decompression after air dives in a hyperbaric chamber. Intravascular bubbles were quantified by Doppler ultrasound scoring. Eighteen subjects completed 92 dives, of which 74 produced bubbles. Complement activation was assessed by plasma C3a des Arg and red-cell-bound C3d before and after each dive.(More)
A sixty-five year old white male presented with an acquired Factor V inhibitor after an episode of cholecystitis and cefotaxime therapy. Plasma Factor V activity was less than 1%. He developed lower gastrointestinal bleeding a week after onset of coagulopathy, and was treated with plasmapheresis, fresh frozen plasma, oral cyclophosphamide, and prednisone.(More)
OBJECTIVES The first objective was to determine the effect of inherited differences in the classic pathway complement protein C4 on complement activation by heparin-protamine complexes in cardiac surgery. Specifically, we hypothesized that patients with heterozygous C4A null phenotype (A0BB), who have decreased amounts of C4A, may have increased complement(More)
Complement activation may be responsible for some of the symptoms of decompression sickness. In the present study, complement activation was studied by exposing human sera with or without red blood cells to nitrogen bubbles. Nitrogen bubbles activated human complement as measured by generation of the fluid-phase, complement-split product C5a des Arg. In(More)
Serum granulocyte binding IgG, IgM, and the light chain composition of granulocyte binding immunoglobulins were measured in 58 adult subjects, including 8 normal individuals, 6 with Felty syndrome, 6 with chronic idiopathic neutropenia, 32 with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and 6 with multiple myeloma. An abnormal kappa/lambda ratio of(More)
A perfluorocarbon blood substitute, Fluosol, is undergoing clinical trials as an adjunct to chemotherapy. The adverse effects associated with its administration have been postulated to result from complement activation. When gel electrophoresis and Western blotting of Fluosol are used after its incubation with serum, activated C3 and factors Bb and H are(More)
ALT and anti-HBc came into use in the US as surrogate tests for non-A, non-B hepatitis by 1986-1987, generally using cutoffs at 50-60 IU/L. We studied the usefulness of anti-HBc, and of ALT at different cutoffs as surrogate tests for hepatitis C virus, recording and analyzing the ALT, anti-HBc, HBsAg, and RIBA results of 175 non-autologous blood donations(More)