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AIM Periodontal ligament (PDL) is a reliable cell source for periodontal regeneration. In this study, an optimal protocol for the extraction, expansion, and characterization of human PDL (hPDL) cells was examined for clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS hPDL tissues were obtained from 41 surgically extracted teeth and digested with enzymes. Human(More)
Cytotherapeutic approaches have been investigated to overcome the limitations of existing procedures for periodontal regeneration. In this study, cell sheet transplantation was performed using three kinds of mesenchymal tissue (periodontal ligament, alveolar periosteum, and bone marrow)-derived cells to compare the differences between cell sources in a(More)
It has been shown that stem cell transplantation can regenerate periodontal tissue, and several clinical trials involving transplantation of stem cells into human patients have already begun or are in preparation. However, stem cell transplantation therapy is a new technology, and the events following transplantation are poorly understood. Several studies(More)
Periodontal regeneration has been challenged with chemical reagents and/or biological approaches, however, there is still no sufficient technique that can regenerate complete periodontium, including alveolar bone, cementum, and well-oriented collagen fibers. The purpose of this study was to examine multi-layered sheets of periodontal ligament (PDL)-derived(More)
Periodontal-ligament-derived cells (PDL cells) have stem-cell-like properties and, when implanted into periodontal defects in vivo, can induce periodontal regeneration including the formation of new bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament. We have previously demonstrated that PDL cell sheets, harvested from temperature-responsive cell culture dishes, have(More)
AIM The primary goal of periodontal treatment is regeneration of the periodontium. Current theories suggest that the periodontal ligament (PDL) cells have the capacity to participate in restoring connective and mineralized tissues, when appropriately triggered. We evaluated whether human PDL cell sheets could reconstruct periodontal tissue. MATERIAL AND(More)
Periodontitis is a inflammation induced by a bacterial infection that causes the destruction of the attachment apparatus of dental roots. Several materials, such as bone graft materials, barrier membranes and protein products have been developed and used to treat periodontal defects clinically; however, it is difficult to regenerate the complete periodontal(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to establish a method for accurate cell counting from matrix-rich cell sheets in the clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human periodontal ligament (HPDL) cells were obtained from healthy donors to prepare PDL cell sheets. To obtain single cell suspensions, the cell sheets were treated with three different(More)
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that induces the destruction of tooth-supporting tissues, followed by tooth loss. Although several approaches have been applied to periodontal regeneration, complete periodontal regeneration has not been accomplished. Tissue engineering using a combination of cells and scaffolds is considered to be a viable(More)
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