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A 59-year-old man who had received chronic hemodialysis developed left occipital pain and hypoglossal nerve palsy. He was diagnosed as having skull base metastasis from renal cell carcinoma related to acquired cystic kidney. Retrospective analysis revealed the patient had had elevated serum C-reactive protein and alkaline phosphatase levels before the(More)
We explored the action of luminal AVP in rabbit CCD perfused in vitro at 37 degrees C. Nanomolar concentrations of luminal AVP induced a sustained hyperpolarization of transepithelial voltage (Vt) in contrast to a transient hyperpolarization caused by basolateral AVP. 10 microM basolateral ouabain abolished the latter but not the former change in Vt.(More)
To assess the renal functional adaptation to reduced excretory capacity, we studied whole kidney and single nephron function in anesthetized volume-replete rabbits after unilateral (left kidney) nephrectomy (UNX), ureteral obstruction (UO), or ureteroperitoneostomy (UP). At 24 h, despite the absence of measurable hypertrophy of the contralateral (right)(More)
The role of metabolic acidosis in the regulation of transepithelial potassium transport was examined in rabbit cortical collecting ducts (CCD) using in vitro isolated tubular microperfusion and conventional microelectrode techniques. Basolateral metabolic acidosis, created by reduction of bicarbonate concentration from 25 to 5 meq/l, pH 7.40 to 6.80,(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) induces natriuresis and diuresis. In the present study, the effect of basolateral IL-1 on sodium and water transport was examined in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) perfused in vitro. IL-1, 10 pg/ml and 10 ng/ml, inhibited lumen-to-bath sodium flux (JNa, peq.min-1.mm tubule-1), depolarizing transepithelial voltage (Vt) in a time- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical usefulness in terms of estimation for glomerular filtration rate (GFR), we determined the cystatin C levels in the serum and urine of 33 healthy volunteers as well as in the serum and urine of 35 patients with various renal diseases and compared them with those of creatinine. In addition, we evaluated this substance as an(More)
BACKGROUND We previously found that the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is localized in the apical membrane of the rat renal proximal tubule and thick ascending limb of Henle. In the present study, we examined the direct effect of glucagon on the opossum kidney P (OKP) cell Na(+)/H(+) antiporter, encoded by NHE3. METHODS Na(+)/H(+) antiporter activity was(More)
Functional significance of morphological heterogeneities along the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop of hamsters was explored by the in vitro microperfusion technique with special reference to K+ transport. The transmission electron microscopic study confirmed that there are two types of cells, with smooth surface (S-cell) and rough surface (R-cell),(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 is closely related to the pathogenesis of the progression of various chronic renal diseases, including IgA nephropathy (IgAN), through its chemoattractant effect on macrophages. However, the correlation of MCP-1 gene polymorphism with the long-term prognosis of Japanese patients with IgAN has not been clearly(More)