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We explored the action of luminal AVP in rabbit CCD perfused in vitro at 37 degrees C. Nanomolar concentrations of luminal AVP induced a sustained hyperpolarization of transepithelial voltage (Vt) in contrast to a transient hyperpolarization caused by basolateral AVP. 10 microM basolateral ouabain abolished the latter but not the former change in Vt.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical usefulness in terms of estimation for glomerular filtration rate (GFR), we determined the cystatin C levels in the serum and urine of 33 healthy volunteers as well as in the serum and urine of 35 patients with various renal diseases and compared them with those of creatinine. In addition, we evaluated this substance as an(More)
A 59-year-old man who had received chronic hemodialysis developed left occipital pain and hypoglossal nerve palsy. He was diagnosed as having skull base metastasis from renal cell carcinoma related to acquired cystic kidney. Retrospective analysis revealed the patient had had elevated serum C-reactive protein and alkaline phosphatase levels before the(More)
The dopaminergic inhibition of the hydrosmotic effect of vasopressin was studied by in vitro perfusion of the cortical collecting tubule isolated from the rabbit kidney. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) 100 microU/ml increased hydrosmotic water permeability (Pf, 10(-3) cm/s) by 11.4 +/- 1.59. Although dopamine 10(-5) M added alone to the bath did not affect Pf,(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) induces natriuresis and diuresis. In the present study, the effect of basolateral IL-1 on sodium and water transport was examined in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) perfused in vitro. IL-1, 10 pg/ml and 10 ng/ml, inhibited lumen-to-bath sodium flux (JNa, peq.min-1.mm tubule-1), depolarizing transepithelial voltage (Vt) in a time- and(More)
To assess the renal functional adaptation to reduced excretory capacity, we studied whole kidney and single nephron function in anesthetized volume-replete rabbits after unilateral (left kidney) nephrectomy (UNX), ureteral obstruction (UO), or ureteroperitoneostomy (UP). At 24 h, despite the absence of measurable hypertrophy of the contralateral (right)(More)
The role of metabolic acidosis in the regulation of transepithelial potassium transport was examined in rabbit cortical collecting ducts (CCD) using in vitro isolated tubular microperfusion and conventional microelectrode techniques. Basolateral metabolic acidosis, created by reduction of bicarbonate concentration from 25 to 5 meq/l, pH 7.40 to 6.80,(More)
A 10-year-old girl was noted to have microscopic hematuria and proteinuria in 1986. As her urinary abnormalities were persistent, she underwent a renal biopsy on 4 occasions until 2003. Although the appearances of the renal biopsies were strongly suspicious of systemic lupus erythematosus, she never exhibited specific autoantibodies or distinctive symptoms.(More)
We studied the efficiency of in vitro and in vivo charcoal hemoperfusion for the removal of paraquat. At a flow rate of 200 ml/min, 93-99% of paraquat in 4 L of solution (5, 10, 100 ppm) was removed in less than 160 min. The disappearance half-time was 16 min 10 sec. At 100 ml/min, it was 49 min 30 sec. Of 23 paraquat poisoning cases, 15 patients underwent(More)