Kaoru Sakabe

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Dynamic posttranslational modification of serine and threonine residues of nucleocytoplasmic proteins by β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a regulator of cellular processes such as transcription, signaling, and protein-protein interactions. Like phosphorylation, O-GlcNAc cycles in response to a wide variety of stimuli. Although cycling of O-GlcNAc is(More)
Like phosphorylation, the addition of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAcylation) is a ubiquitous, reversible process that modifies serine and threonine residues on nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. Overexpression of the enzyme that adds O-GlcNAc to target proteins, O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT), perturbs cytokinesis and promotes polyploidy, but the(More)
In vivo studies'-7 of chromosome replication have led to the inference that both daughter strands of chromosomal DNA grow continuously, the direction of synthesis being 3' to 5' on one strand and 5' to 3' on the other (Fig. 1A). No enzymatic mechanism for the biosynthesis of deoxypolynucleotide in the 3' to 5' direction has been demonstrated, although 5' to(More)
The electrical potential across a fine-pore membrane doped with sorbitan monooleate (Span-80) imposed between aqueous solutions of NaCl and KCl was studied. It was found that this system showed rhythmic and sustained oscillations of electrical potential between the two aqueous solutions. These oscillations were attributed to the change of permeability of(More)
The electrical potential across a fine-pore membrane doped with glycerol alpha-monooleate and separating aqueous solutions of 0.5 M NaCl and 0.5 M KCl was studied. It was found that this system showed rhythmic and sustained oscillations of electrical potential. These oscillations may be due to the phase transition of glycerol alpha-monooleate molecules(More)
Farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) block Ras farnesylation, subcellular localization and activity, and inhibit the growth of Ras-transformed cells. Although FTIs are ineffective against K-Ras4B, the Ras isoform most commonly mutated in human cancers, they can inhibit the growth of tumors containing oncogenic K-Ras4B, implicating other farnesylated(More)
A novel branch of the Ras family, Rit, was recently identified. Rit exhibits a distinct C-terminus and effector domain, and does not activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) but can cooperate with Raf to transform fibroblasts. Here, we found that when overexpressed, activated mutants of Rit transform NIH 3T3 cells efficiently, and stimulate p38gamma(More)
O-GlcNAc-transferase (OGT) substrate specificity is regulated by transiently interacting proteins. To further examine the regulation of OGT, we have identified 27 putative OGT-interacting proteins through a yeast two-hybrid screen. Two of these proteins, Trak1 (OIP106) and O-GlcNAcase, have been shown previously to interact with and regulate OGT. We(More)
Mitosis must faithfully divide the genome such that each progeny inherits the same genetic material. DNA condensation is crucial in ensuring that chromosomes are correctly attached to the mitotic spindle for segregation, preventing DNA breaks or constrictions from the contractile ring. Histones form an octameric complex of basic proteins important in(More)