Kaoru Omura

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We report an improved synthesis of the (22R)- and (22S)-epimers of 3α,7α,12α,22-tetrahydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid and 3α,7α,22-trihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid from cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), respectively. The principal reactions involved were as follows: (1) oxidative decarboxylation of the bile acid peracetates with lead(More)
A method for the synthesis of two (23R)- and (23S)-epimeric pairs of 23-fluoro-3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid and 23-fluoro-3α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid is described. The key intermediates, 23,24-dinor-22-aldehyde peracetates were prepared from cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids via the 24-nor-22-ene, 24-nor-22ξ,23-epoxy, and(More)
The chemical synthesis of the 9α-hydroxy derivatives of chenodeoxycholic and lithocholic acids is reported. For initiating the synthesis of the 9α-hydroxy derivative of chenodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid was used; for the synthesis of the 9α-hydroxy derivative of lithocholic acid, deoxycholic acid was used. The principal reactions involved were (1)(More)
This paper describes a method for the chemical synthesis of 7α,12α-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one (1a) and its biological precursor, 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one (1b), both of which are key intermediates in the major pathway of bile acid biosynthesis from cholesterol. The principal reactions involved were (1) building of the cholesterol (iso-octane) side chain(More)
Two major bile acids were isolated from the gallbladder bile of two hornbill species from the Bucerotidae family of the avian order Bucerotiformes Buceros bicornis (great hornbill) and Penelopides panini (Visayan tarictic hornbill). Their structures were determined to be 3α,7α,24-dihydroxy-5β-cholestan-27-oic acid and its 12α-hydroxy derivative,(More)
Bile alcohols and bile acids from gallbladder bile of the Arapaima gigas, a large South American freshwater fish, were isolated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The structures of the major isolated compounds were determined by electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance using (1)H- and (13)C-NMR spectra. The(More)
In the urine of a Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) patient, we have identified three characteristic intense peaks that have not been observed in the urine of a 3β-hydroxysteroid-Δ5-C27-steroid dehydrogenase deficiency patient or a healthy infant and adult. Based on accurate masses of the protonated molecules, we focused on two of them as candidate NPC(More)
Mild and regioselective conversion of 3-keto-5α- and 3-keto-5β-steroids (trans A/B- and cis A/B-ring juncture, respectively) to the corresponding enones (Δ(1)- and Δ(4)-3-ketones) by treatment with o-iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX) catalyzed by trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in DMSO, is described. The IBX-mediated reaction involved dehydrogenation of the α- and(More)
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