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Extension of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to nanoscale samples has been a longstanding challenge because of the insensitivity of conventional detection methods. We demonstrated the use of an individual, near-surface nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond as a sensor to detect proton NMR in an organic sample located external to the diamond. Using a(More)
The decay rate of 7Be electron capture was measured in C60 and Be metal with a reference method. The half-life of 7Be endohedral C60 ((7)Be@C(60)) and 7Be in Be metal (Be metal (7Be)) is found to be 52.68+/-0.05 and 53.12+/-0.05 days, respectively. This amounts to a 0.83% difference in electron-capture decay half-life between (7)Be@C(60) and Be metal (7Be).(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging, with its ability to provide three-dimensional, elementally selective imaging without radiation damage, has had a revolutionary impact in many fields, especially medicine and the neurosciences. Although challenging, its extension to the nanometre scale could provide a powerful new tool for the nanosciences, especially if it can(More)
Sensitive nanoscale magnetic resonance imaging of target spins using nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond requires a quantitative understanding of dominant noise at the surface. We probe this noise by applying dynamical decoupling to shallow NVs at calibrated depths. Results support a model of NV dephasing by a surface bath of electronic spins having a(More)
Photoabsorption spectra are calculated for the magic number clusters, (CdSe)(3) and (CdSe)(6), using an all-electron mixed basis GW scheme with the excitonic effect incorporated by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE). The GW+BSE calculation provided clear size dependence of the optical gap as expected, while magnitude of the gap is overestimated(More)
We discuss multipulse magnetometry that exploits all three magnetic sublevels of the S=1 nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond to achieve enhanced magnetic field sensitivity. Based on dual frequency microwave pulsing, the scheme is twice as sensitive to ac magnetic fields as conventional two-level magnetometry. We derive the spin evolution operator for dual(More)
The vacuum space inside carbon nanotubes offers interesting possibilities for the inclusion, transportation, and functionalization of foreign molecules. Using first-principles density functional calculations, we show that linear carbon-based chain molecules, namely, polyynes (C(m)H(2), m = 4, 6, 10) and the dehydrogenated forms C(10)H and C(10), as well as(More)
Carrying out a semi-classical Ehrenfest dynamics simulation based on the time-dependent density functional theory, we investigate the light-harvesting property of a π-conjugated dendrimer, star-shaped stilbenoid phthalocyanine (SSS1Pc) with oligo (p-phenylenevinylene) peripheries and show that an electron and a hole transfer from the periphery to the core(More)
Carrying out a semiclassical molecular dynamics simulation of a CH4-Li2 system by using the time-dependent local density approximation of the time-dependent density functional theory, we find that one-by-one electron and hole transfer takes place from CH4 to Li2 when an electron is excited in CH4. Probability of the transfer is low when the molecules are(More)
We demonstrate an atomistic nucleation and growth mechanism for single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on catalytic nanoparticle surfaces based on a core-shell model. We show by ab initio calculations that strain relief between the metal core and carbon shell plays a crucial role in facilitating the hexagonal tubular growth. The incipient nucleation begins(More)