Kaoru Maeyama

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The study of the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata is key to increasing our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in pearl biosynthesis and biology of bivalve molluscs. We sequenced ~1150-Mb genome at ~40-fold coverage using the Roche 454 GS-FLX and Illumina GAIIx sequencers. The sequences were assembled into contigs with N50 = 1.6 kb (total contig(More)
BACKGROUND Despite its economic importance, we have a limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying shell formation in pearl oysters, wherein the calcium carbonate crystals, nacre and prism, are formed in a highly controlled manner. We constructed comprehensive expressed gene profiles in the shell-forming tissues of the pearl oyster Pinctada(More)
A cultured pearl is produced in a pearl sac which forms layers of cells differentiated from an allograft mantle. Previous investigations claimed that genomic DNAs from grafting tissues were persistent during pearl aquaculture. However, the specific living status of the genes regulating pearl formation has remained unknown. This study examined the expression(More)
In our previous publication, we identified novel gene candidates involved in shell formation by EST analyses of the nacreous and prismatic layer-forming tissues in the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata. In the present study, 14 of those genes, including two known genes, were selected and further examined for their involvement in shell formation using the RNA(More)
Recent researches revealed the regional preference of biomineralization gene transcription in the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata: it transcribed mainly the genes responsible for nacre secretion in mantle pallial, whereas the ones regulating calcite shells expressed in mantle edge. This study took use of this character and constructed the forward and reverse(More)
The third component of complement (C3) of a newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, was purified using a fast protein liquid chromatography technique. The purified newt C3 consists of two polypeptide chains (the molecular masses of the alpha and beta-chains of C3 were 120,000 and 70,000, respectively) linked by disulfide bonds. The alpha-chain retained an internal(More)
The aim of this research was to characterize immune-related antibacterial substances from pearl oyster Pinctada fucata induced by bacterial invasion. Bacteria inoculation was performed by injecting 0.1 ml of 1.0 × 1012 colony-forming units/ml Vibrio parahaemolyticus into adductor muscle. Acidic extracts were prepared with 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid from(More)
The bivalve hinge ligament is the hard tissue that functions to open and close shells. The ligament contains fibrous structures consisting of aragonite crystals surrounded by a dense organic matrix. This organic matrix may contribute to the formation of fibrous aragonite crystals, but the mechanism underlying this formation remains unclear. In this study,(More)
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