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PURPOSE To determine if apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can be used to differentiate brain tumors at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval or informed patient consent was not required. MR images were reviewed retrospectively in 275 patients with brain tumors: 147 males and 128 females 1-81 years(More)
Cancer-prone syndrome of premature chromatid separation (PCS syndrome) with mosaic variegated aneuploidy (MVA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by growth retardation, microcephaly, childhood cancer, premature chromatid separation of all chromosomes, and mosaicism for various trisomies and monosomies. Biallelic BUB1B mutations were(More)
Tremor rat (tm/tm), the parent strain of spontaneously epileptic rat (SER: zi/zi, tm/tm), exhibits absence-like seizures characterized by 5-7 Hz spike-wave-like complexes on cortical and hippocampal electroencephalograms (EEG) after 10 weeks of age, prior to development of convulsive seizures. Recently, this animal model has been demonstrated to display a(More)
OBJECT Hypothalamic hamartoma is generally diagnosed based on its magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics and the patient's clinical symptoms, but the relationship between the neuroradiological findings and clinical presentation has never been fully investigated. In this retrospective study the authors sought to determine this relationship. (More)
The patterns of gene expression for hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, c-Met, were revealed in the tooth germ of rat mandibular molars using RT-PCR. In situ hybridization demonstrated that the HGF gene was expressed only in the cells of the dental papilla of the tooth germ in vivo. The characteristic temporospatial distribution of HGF and(More)
BACKGROUND Direct revascularization through a superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass is often performed to prevent ischemic or hemorrhagic attack in patients with moyamoya disease. This is the first reported case of aneurysm formation and rupture due to an STA-MCA bypass in a patient with moyamoya disease. CASE DESCRIPTION A(More)
A patient with intracranial seeding from a spinal cord primitive neuroectodermal tumor with ependymal differentiation is presented. The first and second stages of intracranial dissemination were well controlled by a combination of irradiation and chemotherapy. The authors review previously published cases and discuss the possible mechanism of seeding from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As the usefulness of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained from diffusion-weighted images (DWI) for the differential diagnosis between glioblastoma and primary central nervous system lymphoma is controversial, we assessed whether high b-value DWI at b 4000 s/mm(2) could discriminate between glioblastoma and lymphoma. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Somatotropinomae are classified as densely and sparsely granulated adenomae, which typically exhibit a perinuclear pattern (PP) and a dot pattern (DP) in cytokeratin (CK) immunostaining respectively. Some exhibit a mixed pattern (MP). We studied the relationship between these somatotropinoma subtypes and their clinico-pathological features. (More)
Although PTHrP is produced in multiple fetal tissues, its precise physiological functions have yet to be clearly elucidated. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the biological role of PTHrP in the development of tooth. In rat tooth germs, the PTHrP and its receptor genes were expressed in the enamel organ and dental mesenchyme, respectively. When(More)