Learn More
Associations between diabetes and multisite cancer risk were examined in a case-control study of 11,672 incident cancer cases (5341 men and 6331 women) and 47,768 cancer-free controls (14,199 men and 33,569 women). Using an unconditional logistic regression model and controlling for potential confounding factors, a past/present history of diabetes was(More)
BACKGROUND To clarify lifestyle factors that affect the risk of pancreatic cancer among the Japanese population, a nested case-control study was conducted using data from the Hospital-based Epidemiologic Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center (HERPACC), Japan. METHODS The study subjects included 200 incident cases of pancreatic cancer and 2000 age-class(More)
Environmental exposures and/or genetic background in Japanese population, which might contribute to the relatively low breast cancer incidence rates in Japan, have not been clarified in detail. Folate plays an essential role in DNA methylation and synthesis, and thus may be involved in the development of breast cancer. Functional polymorphisms in genes(More)
Low consumption of vegetables and fruits, which leads to insufficient folate intake, is associated with increased risk of several types of cancer, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Functional polymorphisms in genes encoding one-carbon metabolism enzymes, such as methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T and A1298C), methionine(More)
To clarify whether reproductive factors have an impact on gastric cancer in Japanese females, a case-control study was conducted using data from the Hospital-based Epidemiologic Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center (HERPACC), Japan. The study subjects included 365 postmenopausal women with gastric cancer and 1,825 age-class frequency-matched noncancer(More)
BACKGROUND The roles of several foods and beverages in the development of bladder cancer remain unclear. METHODS We undertook a hospital-based case-control study at Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Japan. Subjects included 124 men and women (bladder cancer cases) with newly diagnosed cancers of the renal pelvis (n = 5), ureter (n = 6) or bladder (n = 113)(More)
BACKGROUND The association between breast cancer risk and genetic polymorphisms of p53 at codon 72 (Arg72Pro) has been investigated by several studies, but the results are not consistent. The aim of this case-control study conducted in Nagoya, Japan, was to reconfirm the results of prior studies of polymorphisms of p53 Arg72Pro, and to test if polymorphisms(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic variants associated with breast cancer. Most GWASs to date have been conducted in women of European descent, however, and the contribution of these variants as predictors in Japanese women is unknown. Here, we analyzed 23 genetic variants identified in previous GWASs and conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, genetic polymorphisms, XRCC1 Arg399Gln and OGG1 Ser326Cys were examined with reference to cervical cancer risk in a population-based incident case-control study in Japan. METHODS The cases comprised 131 cervical cancer patients: 87 cases with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 44 with adenocarcinoma (ADC) or adenosquamous carcinoma(More)
Folate takes part in two biological pathways involved in DNA methylation and synthesis, and a potential protective influence of this nutrient chemical against carcinogenicity has been recognized in several sites, including the esophagus. Therefore, the functional polymorphisms in genes encoding folate metabolizing enzymes, MTHFR C677T and MTR A2756G, might(More)