Learn More
PURPOSE The programmed death-1 ligand/programmed death-1 (PD-L/PD-1) pathway has been recently suggested to play a pivotal role in the immune evasion of tumors from host immune system. In this study, we tried to reveal the clinical importance and therapeutic potential of the PD-L/PD-1 pathway in pancreatic cancer, which is one of the most aggressive and(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM), an endogenous peptide, has been shown to have a variety of protective effects on the cardiovascular system. However, the effect of AM on acute lung injury remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigated whether AM infusion ameliorates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury in rats. Rats were randomized to receive continuous(More)
Sildenafil, an oral phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor, has vasodilatory effects through a cyclic guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate-dependent mechanism, whereas beraprost, an oral prostacyclin analog, induces vasorelaxation through a cAMP-dependent mechanism. We investigated whether the combination of oral sildenafil and beraprost is superior to each drug(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that the CysLT(1) receptor is expressed by a variety of bronchial mucosal immune cells and that the numbers of these cells increase in asthma, when stable and in exacerbations. We have applied in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry to endobronchial biopsy tissue to identify and count inflammatory cells expressing(More)
Epidemiologic data suggest a link between nursing by asthmatic mothers and increased risk of allergy in babies. We sought to experimentally test the potential contribution of breast milk mediator(s) in a mouse model of maternal transmission of asthma risk by evaluating the effect of adoptive nursing on asthma susceptibility in the offspring. We measured(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major angiogenic factor, mediates a variety of disease conditions through promotion of angiogenesis. It also plays a critical role as a potent proinflammatory cytokine in a variety of physiologic and pathologic immune responses. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of VEGF in hepatic warm(More)
RATIONALE Adrenomedullin, a potent vasodilator peptide, regulates cell growth and survival. However, whether adrenomedullin contributes to lung regeneration remains unknown. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether adrenomedullin influences the kinetics of bone marrow cells, and whether adrenomedullin promotes regeneration of alveoli and vasculature and thereby(More)
PURPOSE The negative regulatory programmed death-1/programmed death-1 ligand (PD-1/PD-L) pathway in T-cell activation has been suggested to play an important role in tumor evasion from host immunity. In this study, we investigated the expression of PD-L1 and PD-L2 in human esophageal cancer to define their clinical significance in patients' prognosis after(More)
Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by increased airway responsiveness and airway inflammation. The functional role of nitric oxide (NO) and the various nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms in human asthma is controversial. To investigate the role of NO in an established model of allergic asthma, mice with targeted deletions of the three known(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of aging and specific cytokine blockade in the etiology of cachexia caused by adjuvant arthritis (AA), a model of cytokine-associated cachexia. METHODS AA was induced in Lewis rats using CFA. In Experiment 1, severity of AA and inflammatory cachexia was assessed in young (Y, age 2-6 months, n = 132) and old rats (O, age(More)