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Hyperphosphorylated tau is the major component of paired helical filaments in neurofibrillary tangles found in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Starvation of adult mice induces tau hyperphosphorylation at many paired helical filaments sites and with a similar regional selectivity as those in AD, suggesting that a common mechanism may be mobilized. Here we(More)
Families bearing mutations in the presenilin-1 (PSI) gene develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism through which PS1 causes AD is unclear. The co-immunoprecipitation with PS1 in transfected COS-7 cells indicates that PSI directly interacts with endogenous beta-catenin, and the interaction requires residues 322450 of PSI and 445-676 of(More)
Families bearing mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene develop Alzheimer's disease. Previous studies have shown that the Alzheimer-associated mutations in PS1 increase production of amyloid beta protein (Abeta1-42). We now show that PS1 also regulates phosphorylation of the microtubule-associated protein tau. PS1 directly binds tau and a tau kinase,(More)
We show here that amyloid beta peptide1-42 (Abeta1-42) may play a key role in the pathogenesis of the cholinergic dysfunction seen in Alzheimer's disease (AD), in addition to its putative role in amyloid plaque formation. Abeta1-42 freshly solubilized in water (non-aged Abeta1-42), which was not neurotoxic without preaggregation, suppressed acetylcholine(More)
P35 or its truncated fragment p25 is required for cyclin dependent kinase (Cdk)5 activation. It has been reported that p25 is accumulated in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and that p25/Cdk5 induces high phosphorylation of tau and apoptosis in cultured neurons (Nature 402 (1999) 615). Our investigation of AD brain did not show specific(More)
According to the amyloid hypothesis for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) directly affects neurons, leading to neurodegeneration and tau phosphorylation, followed by the production of paired helical filaments (PHF) in neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). To analyze the relationship between the phosphorylation sites of tau(More)
beta-Amyloid (Abeta) acquires toxicity by self-aggregation. To identify and characterize the toxic form(s) of Abeta aggregates, we examined in vitro aggregation conditions by using large quantities of homogenous, chemically synthesized Abeta1-40 peptide. We found that slow rotation of Abeta1-40 solution reproducibly gave self-aggregated Abeta1-40 containing(More)
Tau protein kinase I(TPKI)/glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta is abundant in the developing rat brain. The highly phosphorylated juvenile form of tau is present during the same developmental period. To study the role of TPKI/ GSK-3beta in neuronal growth, we examined the effects of lithium, a direct inhibitor of TPKI/GSK-3beta, using primary cultures of(More)
To clarify how Abeta deposits induce secondary tauopathy, the presence of phosphorylated tau, glycogen synthase kinase 3alpha (GSK3alpha), GSK3beta, cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and fyn were examined in the Tg2576 brain showing substantial brain Abeta amyloidosis and behavioral abnormalities. Phosphorylated tau(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease characterized by a selective loss of upper and lower motor neurons. Since oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the progression of motor neuron loss observed in ALS, anti-oxidative agents could be an important therapeutic means for the ALS treatment. We have previously(More)