Kaori Yamamoto

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Throughout the four phases of protein biosynthesis-initiation, elongation, termination, and recycling-the ribosome is controlled and regulated by at least one specified translational guanosine triphosphatase (trGTPase). Although the structural basis for trGTPase interaction with the ribosome has been solved for the last three steps of translation, the(More)
AIMS To study diabetic cystopathy with reference to overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed diabetic cystopathy in our digitized database that comprised 2300 case records, including data from a lower urinary tract symptoms questionnaire, data from a urodynamic study, and data from neurological examinations. RESULTS Diabetic(More)
Macromolecular machines, such as the ribosome, undergo large-scale conformational changes during their functional cycles. Although their mode of action is often compared to that of mechanical machines, a crucial difference is that, at the molecular dimension, thermodynamic effects dominate functional cycles, with proteins fluctuating stochastically between(More)
The YbeB (DUF143) family of uncharacterized proteins is encoded by almost all bacterial and eukaryotic genomes but not archaea. While they have been shown to be associated with ribosomes, their molecular function remains unclear. Here we show that YbeB is a ribosomal silencing factor (RsfA) in the stationary growth phase and during the transition from rich(More)
The origin and developmental mechanisms underlying coronary vessels are not fully elucidated. Here we show that myocardium-derived angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is essential for coronary vein formation in the developing heart. Cardiomyocyte-specific Ang1 deletion results in defective formation of the subepicardial coronary veins, but had no significant effect on(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of intravenous and perineural dexamethasone on the duration of interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) with ropivacaine in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, patients presenting for arthroscopic shoulder surgery with an ISB(More)
AIMS The diagnosis of psychogenic urinary dysfunction (PUD) is one of exclusion, particularly from urologic and neurologic causes, and is usually accompanied by more obvious psychologic/ psychiatric features. We here describe patients with PUD who were diagnosed in our uro- neurological laboratory. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the digitized records(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission routes can be estimated from genotypic analysis of clinical isolates from patients. In Japan, still a middle-incidence country of TB, a unique genotype strain designated as 'M-strain' has been isolated nationwide recently. To ascertain the history of the wide spread of the strain, 10 clinical isolates from different(More)
OBJECTIVE To present bladder sensory data of three common peripheral nerve lesions (e.g., distal, intermediate/focal, and proximal). METHODS We measured first sensation (FS) and bladder capacity (BC) (not exceeding 600 ml) in 71 patients with peripheral nerve lesions: 35 diabetic neuropathy (D group), 6 post-pelvic surgery (S), and 27 cauda equina(More)
The BOLD signal responses that occur after a few seconds at the beginning and the end of stimulus are due to hemodynamic delay. A temporary increase of deoxyhemoglobin just after the beginning of stimulus causes an initial dip in the hemodynamic signal (response). After the initial dip, an increase of BOLD signal causes an overshoot. After the overshoot, a(More)