Kaori Shinagawa

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BACKGROUND Atrial structural remodeling creates a substrate for atrial fibrillation (AF), but the underlying signal transduction mechanisms are unknown. This study assessed the effects of ACE inhibition on arrhythmogenic atrial remodeling and associated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) changes in a dog model of congestive heart failure (CHF). (More)
BACKGROUND Clinical atrial fibrillation (AF) often results from pathologies that cause atrial structural remodeling. The reversibility of arrhythmogenic structural remodeling on removal of the underlying stimulus has not been studied systematically. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronically instrumented dogs were subjected to 4 to 6 weeks of ventricular tachypacing(More)
BACKGROUND The basis of the unique effectiveness of amiodarone for atrial fibrillation (AF) is poorly understood. The present study tested the hypothesis that amiodarone blocks electrical remodeling induced by atrial tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS Mongrel dogs were subjected to atrial tachycardia (400 bpm for 7 days) in the absence and presence of(More)
The antifibrillatory effect of pilsicainide, a sodium channel blocker with slow recovery kinetics, was investigated in a canine model of atrial fibrillation. Prolonging the atrial effective refractory period is an important mechanism for pharmacological termination of atrial fibrillation. However, the effectiveness of potassium channel blockers has been(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitors of the Na(+)/H(+)-exchanger (NHE1) and of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) have been shown to reduce short-term (<6 h) tachycardia-induced atrial electrical remodeling. The role of NHE1 and ACE in longer-term electrical remodeling, as might occur with persistent AF, has not been studied. METHODS Dogs were subjected to(More)
BACKGROUND All animal studies of atrial tachycardia (AT) remodeling to date have been performed in normal hearts, but clinical atrial fibrillation (AF) often occurs in the setting of heart disease. This study evaluated the effects of a pathological AF substrate on AT-induced remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS Fourteen control dogs, 12 AT-only dogs (400 bpm(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia requiring medical therapy, and present treatment modalities are inadequate. Over the past few years, we have learned a great deal about the phenomenon of electrical remodeling, by which rapid atrial activation leads to changes in atrial electrical properties that promote AF initiation and(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the electrophysiologic effects of E4031 (a pure IKr blocker) and azimilide (AZ: a combined Ikr + IKs blocker) at various stages of atrial electrical remodeling. Twelve dogs underwent continuous rapid atrial pacing (400/min) for 14 days. The electrophysiologic study was performed on the day before as well as after 2, 7,(More)
In this issue of Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy, Dr. Asakura and co-workers present the design and endpoints of EARLIER, an all-Japanese study with eplerenone in patients with acute, decompensated heart failure (ADHF) [1]. This study is innovative, since it is conducted as an investigatorinitiated clinical trial in Japan to develop a drug that could(More)
Prolonged rapid atrial excitation gives rise to atrial electrical remodeling, which perpetuates atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there has been controversy regarding the nature of temporal changes in conduction characteristics during the development and recovery of electrical remodeling. This study was designed to clarify the nature of the development and(More)
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