Kaori Shimanouchi

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The eukaryotic DNA polymerase processivity factor, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, is an essential component in the DNA replication and repair machinery. In Drosophila melanogaster, we cloned a second PCNA cDNA that differs from that encoded by the gene mus209 (for convenience called DmPCNA1 in this article). The second PCNA cDNA (DmPCNA2) encoded a 255(More)
A novel endo-exonuclease, DmGEN (Drosophila Melanogaster XPG-like endonuclease), was identified in D.melanogaster. DmGEN is composed of five exons and four introns, and the open reading frame encodes a predicted product of 726 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 82.5 kDa and a pI of 5.36. The gene locus on Drosophila polytene chromosomes was(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae poly(A) polymerases Trf4 and Trf5 are involved in an RNA quality control mechanism, where polyadenylated RNAs are degraded by the nuclear exosome. Although Trf4/5 homologue genes are distributed throughout multicellular organisms, their biological roles remain to be elucidated. We isolated here the two homologues of Trf4/5 in(More)
Studies on the biochemical properties of very-large-size eukaryotic DNA polymerases have been limited by the difficulty in obtaining sufficient purified forms of each enzyme. Our aim was to determine and elucidate the biochemical properties of one such polymerase, pol zeta (DNA polymerase zeta) from Drosophila melanogaster (Dmpol zeta). Using an REV1(More)
Abasic (AP) sites are a threat to cellular viability and genomic integrity, since they impede transcription and DNA replication. In mammalian cells, DNA polymerase (pol) beta plays an important role in the repair of AP sites. However, it is known that many organisms, including Drosophila melanogaster, do not have a pol beta homologue, and it is unclear how(More)
The damaged DNA-binding protein (DDB) complex consists of a heterodimer of p127 (DDB1) and p48 (DDB2) subunits and is believed to have a role in nucleotide excision repair (NER). We used the GAL4-UAS targeted expression system to knock down DDB1 in wing imaginal discs of Drosophila. The knock-down was achieved in transgenic flies using over-expression of(More)
We have focused attention on functions of Drosophila damaged DNA binding protein 1 (D-DDB1) in Drosophila hematopoiesis and previously reported that its whole body dsRNA over-expression using a GAL4-UAS targeted expression system results in melanotic tumors and complete lethality. Since the lesions appear to arise as a normal and heritable response to(More)
We previously reported cloning of the Drosophila mitochondrial transcription factor A (D-mtTFA) gene, and characterization of a recombinant protein. In this report, the expression and distribution patterns of D-mtTFA during development are described. D-mtTFA mRNA and its protein product were found to be abundant in cells of tissues undergoing both(More)
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