Kaori Morimoto

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UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) catalyze phase-II biotransformation reaction of a variety of substances. Among the UGT1A isoforms, UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A4, UGT1A6 and UGT1A9 are predominantly expressed in the liver. Interindividual variability in expression of these isoforms would cause interindividual differences in drug response, toxicity and cancer(More)
We have recently found that the frequency of OATP-C*15 is significantly higher in patients who experienced myopathy after receiving pravastatin or atorvastatin than in patients without myopathy. However, there were two patients who experienced pravastatin-induced myopathy despite the fact that they did not possess OATP-C*15 or other known mutations of(More)
In the present study, we analyzed the function of a novel mutation (c.1628T>G, p.Leu543Trp) in the solute carrier organic anion transporter (SLCO) 1B1 gene, encoding organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1, which was identified in a patient with pravastatin-induced myopathy. OATP1B1 variants carrying the mutation (OATP1B1*1a+c.1628T>G or(More)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR; NR1I2), a key transcriptional factor that regulates genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters, is abundantly expressed in the human liver. However, studies on the molecular mechanism of human PXR gene regulation are limited. In this study, we examined the involvement of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha(More)
We report herein a 63-year-old female with gastric duplication cyst (GDC), of which resected specimen was histologically shown to be composed of gastric foveolar epithelium and thin bundles of smooth muscle. Computed tomography revealed a thin-walled cystic lesion surrounded by the pancreatic tail, spleen, left kidney, and the stomach. Magnetic resonance(More)
Oseltamivir (Tamiflu, Roche, Nutley, NJ), an ester-type prodrug of the anti-influenza drug Ro 64-0802 (oseltamivir carboxylate), has been reported to be associated with neuropsychiatric side effects, which are likely to be caused by distribution of oseltamivir and/or its metabolite into the central nervous system. Enhanced toxicity and brain distribution of(More)
We have cloned and sequenced Helicobacter pylori alpha-class carbonic anhydrase (hpCA) from patients with different gastric mucosal lesions, including gastritis (n=15), ulcer (n=6), and cancer (n=16). Although several polymorphisms were newly identified such as 12Ala, 13Thr, 16Ile, and 168Phe, there was no significant relevance of any polymorphism with(More)
Ezrin, radixin, and moesin (ERM) proteins regulate functional expression of certain transporters, but little is known about their effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Here, we investigated the influence of ERM proteins on the expression and activity of P-gp at the transcriptional, translational, and posttranslational levels, using HepG2 as a model cell line.(More)
Oseltamivir, an ester-type prodrug of the neuraminidase inhibitor [3R,4R,5S]-4-acetamido-5-amino-3-(1-ethylpropoxy)-1-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate phosphate (Ro 64-0802), has been developed for the treatment of A and B strains of the influenza virus but has neuropsychiatric and other side effects. In this study, we characterized the transport across intestinal(More)
We previously showed that oseltamivir, a prodrug of the influenza virus neuraminidase inhibitor Ro 64-0802, is a substrate of proton-coupled oligopeptide transporter (PEPT1), and its intestinal absorption in rats is markedly inhibited by administration with milk. To investigate the importance of PEPT1 for oseltamivir absorption in humans, and the(More)