Kaori Mimori

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Shiga toxin (Stx) binds to the receptor glycolipid Gb3Cer on the cell surface and is responsible for hemolytic uremic syndrome. Stx has two isoforms, Stx1 and Stx2, and in clinical settings Stx2 is known to cause more severe symptoms, although the differences between the mechanisms of action of Stx1 and Stx2 are as yet unknown. In this study, the binding(More)
Shiga toxin 1 (Stx1) produced by Escherichia coli has been reported to induce apoptosis in many different cell types, including Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells. Since it has been established that the caspases play essential roles as the effector molecules in the apoptotic process in most cases, we examined the kinetics of caspase activation during the process(More)
Periodontal ligament (PDL) is a thin fibrous connective tissue located between two mineralized tissues, alveolar bone and cementum, which maintains a constant width physiologically. The mechanisms by which PDL resists mineralization are not well understood. Twist is a basic helix loop helix protein that plays a central role in regulation of early(More)
Periodontal ligament (PDL) is a thin fibrous connective tissue located between alveolar bone and cementum that remains unmineralized physiologically. It is thus thought that PDL cells possess mechanisms to inhibit mineralization. It has been demonstrated that S100A4, a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family, is synthesized and secreted by PDL(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells possess osteoblast-like properties and play key roles in periodontal regeneration. Previously, we have reported that ascorbic acid promotes the osteoblastic differentiation of PDL cells by modulating the type I collagen-integrin interaction. However, the signaling pathway activated following collagen-integrin(More)
A new single-step purification method for Shiga toxin (Stx) was developed using receptor-mediated affinity chromatography, in which Gb3Cer (globotriaosylceramide) was conjugated to octyl Sepharose CL-4B as a carrier. This method achieves high yield and high purity in a small column on which Gb3Cer has been immobilized at high density. Using this affinity(More)
CD20 is a B-cell differentiation antigen and known to induce apoptosis in Burkitt's lymphoma/leukemia (BL) cells upon antibody-mediated crosslinking. We examined the biological effect of CD20 crosslinking on BL cell lines and observed that apoptosis induction is accompanied by activation of multiple caspases, including caspase-8, -9, -3, -2, and -7. Further(More)
The mouse- and rat-platelet-specific hamster monoclonal antibody (MAb) 1C2, previously found to react with a thrombin-sensitive 74-kD glycoprotein, was now shown to recognize platelet glycoprotein V (GPV, CD42d). 1C2 reacted with NIH-3T3 cells in which recombinant mouse or rat GPV was expressed. Both 1C2 and 4A5, another mouse-platelet-specific rat MAb,(More)
Infections with Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause microvascular endothelial cell damage, resulting in hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. The prevention of endothelial cell damage is therefore a crucial step in overcoming this disorder. Here, we report that nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBT), a nucleoside transport(More)
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