Learn More
The authors estimated abdominal fat distribution on the basis of measurements at computed tomography (CT). The attenuation range for fat tissue was defined as the interval within the mean plus or minus 2 SDs considered to be individual variation. Fat areas found with this method were closely correlated with those obtained by means of the computed(More)
Insulin, IGF-1 or EGF induce membrane ruffling through their respective tyrosine kinase receptors. To elucidate the molecular link between receptor activation and membrane ruffling, we microinjected phosphorylated peptides containing YMXM motifs or a mutant 85 kDa subunit of phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase (delta p85) which lacks a binding site for the(More)
Xenopus larval keratin (XLK) was isolated by gel electrophoresis of proteins of tadpole skin. Screening of an expression cDNA library of tail tissues by specific polyclonal antibodies against XLK produced XLK cDNA (xlk). Its complete nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequences revealed that XLK was a new member of type II keratin. Screening of a cDNA(More)
The presence of obesity increases the risk of thrombotic vascular diseases. The role of fat accumulation and its effect on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels was investigated in humans and animals. Plasma PAI-1 levels were closely correlated with visceral fat area but not with subcutaneous fat area in human subjects. PAI-1 mRNA was detected in(More)
Insulin stimulation drives the formation of a complex between tyrosine-phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) and 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase; ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.137), a heterodimer consisting of regulatory 85-kDa (p85) and catalytic 110-kDa (p110) subunits. This interaction takes(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase contributes to a wide variety of biological actions, including insulin stimulation of glucose transport in adipocytes. Both Akt (protein kinase B), a serine-threonine kinase with a pleckstrin homology domain, and atypical isoforms of protein kinase C (PKCzeta and PKClambda) have been implicated as downstream effectors of PI(More)
Activation of glycogen synthase is one of the major metabolic events triggered by exposure of cells to insulin. The molecular mechanism by which insulin activates glycogen synthase was investigated. The possible role of Ras and mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade was investigated with a stable cell line, CHO-IR-C/S 46, that overexpresses insulin(More)
A second protein-tyrosine kinase (PTK) of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) subfamily, cell adhesion kinase beta (CAK beta), was identified by cDNA cloning. The rat CAK beta is a 115.7-kDa PTK that contains N- and C-terminal domains of 418 and 330 amino acid residues besides the central kinase domain. The rat CAK beta has a homology with mouse FAK over their(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are a family of lipid kinases that have been implicated in signal transduction through tyrosine kinase- and heterotrimeric G-protein-linked receptors. We report herein the cloning and characterization of p110delta, a novel class I PI3K. Like p110alpha and p110beta, other class I PI3Ks, p110delta displays a broad(More)
The(1) regulatory mechanism of glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was investigated with the use of recombinant adenovirus vectors encoding various dominant negative proteins. Infection with a virus encoding a mutant regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase that does not bind the 110-kDa catalytic subunit (delta p85) inhibited the(More)