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The enzyme activities and the protein levels of Cl(-)-ATPase and Na+/K(+)-ATPase were examined in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Cl(-)-ATPase and Na+/K(+)-ATPase activities in AD brains (n = 13) were significantly lower than those in age-matched control brains (n = 12). In contrast, there was no significant difference in anion-insensitive Mg2(+)-ATPase(More)
Although gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)C receptor rho1, rho2 and rho3 subunits are reportedly expressed in pyramidal and granule cells in the hippocampus at various developmental stages, it is not clear whether these three rho subunits are coexpressed in a single neuron. To attempt to answer this question, we performed single-cell RT-PCR for rho subunits(More)
We examined GH and GH receptor expression in human leukemic cell lines and leukocytes of normal subjects to elucidate the cell types expressing GH and GH receptor, the individual variations of their expressions, their correlation and the relationships with serum IgG and IGF-I concentrations. In addition, the expression of GH secretagogue receptor, which(More)
The effects of anxiolytic honokiol derivative, dihydrohonokiol-B (DHH-B), on amyloid beta protein (Abeta(25-35), 10 nM)-induced changes in Cl(-)-ATPase activity, intracellular Cl- concentration ([Cl-]i) and glutamate neurotoxicity were examined in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. DHH-B (10 ng/ml) recovered Abeta-induced decrease in neuronal Cl(-)-ATPase(More)
Extracellular recordings were made from neurones in the mesencephalic reticular formation and substantianigra of the rat which was anaesthetized with urethane 1.5-2 g/kg i.p. Out of 44 cells tested 42 were excited by Substance P applied iontophoretically and in some cases this excitation was rapid. Evidence is presented for Substance P as a putative(More)
We showed immunohistochemically the localization of 5 alpha-reductase-containing cells in the rat brain, using a rabbit antibody generated against 5 alpha-reductase rat type 1. The antibody was produced by injecting the synthetic peptide corresponding to the amino acids 38-53 of 5 alpha-reductase rat type 1, conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin with(More)
We previously found that pathophysiological concentrations (< or = 10 nm) of an amyloid beta protein (Abeta25-35) reduced the plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol monophosphate level in cultured rat hippocampal neurons with a decrease in phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate-dependent Cl- -ATPase activity. As this suggested an inhibitory effect of Abeta25-35(More)
Endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 are newly identified endogenous peptides and have high affinity and selectivity for mu-opioid receptors. The present experiments were conducted to determine whether intracisternal injection of these peptides would produce an itch-associated response and antinociception and to compare their effects to that of morphine.(More)
The effects of an anxiolytic honokiol derivative, dihydrohonokiol-B (DHH-B) [3'-(2-propenyl)-5-propyl-(1,1'-biphenyl)-2,4'-diaol], on ammonia-induced increases in the intracellular Cl(-) concentration ([Cl(-)](i)) were examined using primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons. DHH-B (1-100 ng/ml), but not an inactive isomer of honokiol, magnolol (100 ng/ml),(More)