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We developed mobility shift analysis of single-stranded DNAs on neutral polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to detect DNA polymorphisms. This method follows digestion of genomic DNA with restriction endonucleases, denaturation in alkaline solution, and electrophoresis on a neutral polyacrylamide gel. After transfer to a nylon membrane, the mobility shift due(More)
A newly synthesized isoquinolinesulfonamide, H-89 (N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide), was shown to have a potent and selective inhibitory action against cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A), with an inhibition constant of 0.048 +/- 0.008 microM. H-89 exhibited weak inhibitory action against other kinases and Ki(More)
Ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins are thought to play an important role in organizing cortical actin-based cytoskeletons through cross-linkage of actin filaments with integral membrane proteins. Recent in vitro biochemical studies have revealed that ERM proteins phosphorylated on their COOH-terminal threonine residue (CPERMs) are active in their(More)
We report a rapid and sensitive method for the detection of base changes in given sequences of genomic DNA. This technique is based on the facts that specific regions of genomic sequences can be efficently labeled and amplified simultaneously by using labeled substrates in the polymerase chain reaction and that in nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels, the(More)
Dendritic spines are known to be extremely motile, providing a structural mechanism for synaptic plasticity. Actin filaments are thought to be responsible for the changes in the shape of spines. We tested our hypothesis that drebrin, an actin-binding protein, is a regulator of spine shape. In high-density long-term primary cultures of rat cerebral cortex(More)
Serious arsenic contamination of groundwater in Bangladesh has been frequently reported and is of great concern. In this research, repeated water sampling from the same 10 tubewells in Nawabganj municipality, Bangladesh, was conducted and analysed, focusing on the seasonal variation of water quality and the relationship among arsenic and other metals and(More)
Drebrin is a development-associated neuroprotein whose cDNA into fibroblasts causes the formation of dendrite-like structures (Shirao, T., Kojima, N., and Obata, K. (1992) Neuroreport 3, 109-112). To explore molecular functions of drebrin during brain development, we purified drebrin from brains of rat embryos. Drebrin bound to actin filaments at a(More)
We systematically characterized the levels and substrate specificity of P450s from humans and rats to extrapolate drug metabolism data from experimental animals to humans. Human P450s (CYP1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C18, 2D6, 2E1, and 3A4) were expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and purified. Rat P450s were purified from hepatic microsomes of rats. We(More)
To study the effects of smooth muscle contraction and relaxation on the strain and stress distribution in the vascular wall, a mathematical model was proposed. The artery was assumed to be a thick-walled orthotropic tube made of nonlinear, incompressible elastic material. Considering that the contraction of smooth muscle generates an active circumferential(More)
PURPOSE The authors attempted to immortalize human corneal epithelial cells; it is difficult to propagate primary human corneal epithelial cells because of scarcity of available tissue. However, cell immortalization by virus is always accompanied by shedding of free virus. The current study was performed to establish a cell line that produces no free viral(More)