Kanta Yanagida

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Surrogate markers for the Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated 42-amino acid form of amyloid-beta (Abeta42) have been sought because they may aid in the diagnosis of AD and for clarification of disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains three APLP1-derived Abeta-like peptides (APL1beta) that are generated by beta-(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple protein kinases have been shown to be involved in the apoptotic neuronal loss of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although some studies support the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in amyloid precursor protein processing as well as in tau phosphorylation, a direct role for PKC in apoptotic neuronal death remains to be clarified. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Following extracellular shedding, transmembrane domains (TMs) of beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) and Notch-1 undergo proteolysis by presenilin (PS)/gamma-secretase at least at two sites, near the middle of the TM (gamma-/S4 cleavage) and at the interface between cytosol and the TM (epsilon-/S3 cleavage), releasing Alzheimer disease(More)
Deciphering the mechanism by which the relative Aβ42(43) to total Aβ ratio is regulated is central to understanding Alzheimer disease (AD) etiology; however, the mechanisms underlying changes in the Aβ42(43) ratio caused by familial mutations and γ-secretase modulators (GSMs) are unclear. Here, we show in vitro and in living cells that presenilin(More)
It is thought that free oligosaccharides in the cytosol are an outcome of quality control of glycoproteins by endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). Although considerable amounts of free oligosaccharides accumulate in the cytosol, where they presumably have some function, detailed analyses of their structures have not yet been carried out. We(More)
BACKGROUND Presenilin 1 (PS1) mutations associated with familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) generally increase the amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42) to Aβ40 ratio secreted in cultured cells. Some of these mutants reduce the secretion of Aβ40 rather than increase that of Aβ42. Since it has been difficult to estimate Aβ42 secretion in brains of PS1-FAD patients due to(More)
BACKGROUND During intramembrane proteolysis of β-amyloid protein precursor (βAPP) by presenilin (PS)/γ-secretase, ε-cleavages at the membrane-cytoplasmic border precede γ-cleavages at the middle of the transmembrane domain. Generation ratios of Aβ42, a critical molecule for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, and the major Aβ40 species might be(More)
Currently, therapeutic intervention for Alzheimer disease (AD) after the disease onset is not very effective because progressive neuronal death precedes clinical symptoms. Available medicines such as AchE inhibitors transiently slow the progression of the symptoms, but they do not inhibit the pathological process. On the other hand, most of the next(More)
BACKGROUND Amyloid-β (Aβ) degradation in brains of Alzheimer disease patients is a crucial focus for the clarification of disease pathogenesis. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying Aβ degradation in the human brain remain unclear. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to quantify the levels of small C-terminal Aβ fragments generated upon Aβ degradation in human(More)