Kanta Yanagida

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Intramembrane proteolysis by presenilin-dependent gamma-secretase produces the Notch intracellular cytoplasmic domain (NCID) and Alzheimer disease-associated amyloid-beta. Here, we show that upon Notch signaling the intracellular domain of Notch-1 is cleaved into two distinct types of NICD species due to diversity in the site of S3 cleavage. Consistent with(More)
Surrogate markers for the Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated 42-amino acid form of amyloid-beta (Abeta42) have been sought because they may aid in the diagnosis of AD and for clarification of disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains three APLP1-derived Abeta-like peptides (APL1beta) that are generated by beta-(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Following extracellular shedding, transmembrane domains (TMs) of beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) and Notch-1 undergo proteolysis by presenilin (PS)/gamma-secretase at least at two sites, near the middle of the TM (gamma-/S4 cleavage) and at the interface between cytosol and the TM (epsilon-/S3 cleavage), releasing Alzheimer disease(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple protein kinases have been shown to be involved in the apoptotic neuronal loss of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although some studies support the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in amyloid precursor protein processing as well as in tau phosphorylation, a direct role for PKC in apoptotic neuronal death remains to be clarified. In the present(More)
Deciphering the mechanism by which the relative Aβ42(43) to total Aβ ratio is regulated is central to understanding Alzheimer disease (AD) etiology; however, the mechanisms underlying changes in the Aβ42(43) ratio caused by familial mutations and γ-secretase modulators (GSMs) are unclear. Here, we show in vitro and in living cells that presenilin(More)
BACKGROUND Presenilin 1 (PS1) mutations associated with familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) generally increase the amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42) to Aβ40 ratio secreted in cultured cells. Some of these mutants reduce the secretion of Aβ40 rather than increase that of Aβ42. Since it has been difficult to estimate Aβ42 secretion in brains of PS1-FAD patients due to(More)
BACKGROUND During intramembrane proteolysis of β-amyloid protein precursor (βAPP) by presenilin (PS)/γ-secretase, ε-cleavages at the membrane-cytoplasmic border precede γ-cleavages at the middle of the transmembrane domain. Generation ratios of Aβ42, a critical molecule for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, and the major Aβ40 species might be(More)
Currently, therapeutic intervention for Alzheimer disease (AD) after the disease onset is not very effective because progressive neuronal death precedes clinical symptoms. Available medicines such as AchE inhibitors transiently slow the progression of the symptoms, but they do not inhibit the pathological process. On the other hand, most of the next(More)
Alzheimer-disease-associated beta-amyloid (Abeta) is produced by sequential endoproteolysis of beta-amyloid protein precursor (betaAPP): the extracellular portion is shed by cleavage in the juxtamembrane region by beta-amyloid-cleaving enzyme (BACE)/beta-secretase, after which it is cleaved by presenilin (PS)/gamma-secretase near the middle of the(More)
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