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Over Internet (VOIP) is an emerging popular Internet application that provides good services through Mobile Adhoc Network(MANET).MANET provides a suitable platform for the deployment of voice and multimedia session over IP network in many application scenarios that range from safety to comfort related services. But this network also faces many challenges on(More)
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a fast emerging field and it is also gaining lots of attention from research groups and the real users. Power is very important factor in WSN because the sensor nodes have limited battery support. We propose (XLE2R) algorithm which depends on interaction from different layers in order to gain longer lifetime foe sensor(More)
The main focus of this article is to achieve prolonged network lifetime with overall energy efficiency in wireless sensor networks through controlled utilization of limited energy. Major percentage of energy in wireless sensor network is consumed during routing from source to destination, retransmission of data on packet loss. For improvement, cross layered(More)
Several protocols and schemes have been proposed to reduce energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). In this paper we employ farcoopt, a cross layer design approach with the concept of cooperation among the nodes with best farthest neighbor scheme to increase the Quality of Service (QoS), reduce energy consumption, increases performance and(More)
In comparison to progress of semiconductor technology, battery technology has not progressed rapidly; power efficiency has become increasingly important in wireless networking, in addition to the traditional quality and performance measures, such as bandwidth, throughput and fairness. Energy consumption and routing is the most challenging and demanding(More)
In this paper, a new energy efficient cross layer routing protocol is introduced for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Energy consumption and routing is the most challenging and demanding in designing routing protocol for WSNs. We develop LDCE routing protocol based on (Link distance, link Cost, link Error). The paper focus on drawing benefits from(More)
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