Kannatassen Appavoo

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The electronic and structural properties of a material are strongly determined by its symmetry. Changing the symmetry via a photoinduced phase transition offers new ways to manipulate material properties on ultrafast timescales. However, to identify when and how fast these phase transitions occur, methods that can probe the symmetry change in the time(More)
Polarization-controlled excitation of plasmonic modes in nanometric Au particle-on-film gaps is investigated experimentally using single-particle dark-field spectroscopy. Two distinct geometries are explored: nanospheres on top of and inserted in a thin gold film. Numerical simulations reveal that the three resonances arising in the scattering spectra(More)
We have measured the size dependence of a solid-solid phase transformation in discrete nanoscale volumes of vanadium dioxide (VO(2)) defined by split-ring resonators. By monitoring the in-coupling plasmonic mode while thermally cycling through the insulator-metal transition, we show that hysteresis width broadens with reduced interrogation volume (i.e.,(More)
Structural ordering is widely present in molecules and materials. However, the organization of molecules on the curved surface of nanoparticles is still the least understood owing to the major limitations of the current surface characterization tools. By the merits of x-ray crystallography, we reveal the structural ordering at all scales in a super robust(More)
Defects are known to affect nanoscale phase transitions, but their specific role in the metal-to-insulator transition in VO(2) has remained elusive. By combining plasmon resonance nanospectroscopy with density functional calculations, we correlate decreased phase-transition energy with oxygen vacancies created by strain at grain boundaries. By measuring the(More)
Ultrafast photoinduced phase transitions could revolutionize data-storage and telecommunications technologies by modulating signals in integrated nanocircuits at terahertz speeds. In quantum phase-changing materials (PCMs), microscopic charge, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom interact cooperatively to modify macroscopic electrical and optical(More)
We demonstrate thermally controlled plasmon resonance modulation of single gold nanoparticles on vanadium dioxide thin films by performing dark-field spectroscopy measurements at different temperatures. The plasmon resonance of the nanoparticles exhibits a significant blueshift in the visible range when the vanadium dioxide film undergoes its(More)
Solution-processed organometallic perovskite solar cells have emerged as one of the most promising thin-film photovoltaic technology. However, a key challenge is their lack of stability over prolonged solar irradiation. Few studies have investigated the effect of light soaking on hybrid perovskites and have attributed the degradation in the optoelectronic(More)
We have synthesized a series of asymmetric pentacene-tetracene heterodimers with a variable-length conjugated bridge that undergo fast and efficient intramolecular singlet fission (iSF). These compounds have distinct singlet and triplet energies, which allow us to study the spatial dynamics of excitons during the iSF process, including the significant role(More)
Manipulating optical signals below the diffraction limit is crucial for next-generation data-storage and telecommunication technologies. Although controlling the flow of light around nanoscale waveguides was achieved over a decade ago, modulating optical signals at terahertz frequencies within nanoscale volumes remains a challenge. Since the physics(More)