Kannatassen Appavoo

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The electronic and structural properties of a material are strongly determined by its symmetry. Changing the symmetry via a photoinduced phase transition offers new ways to manipulate material properties on ultrafast timescales. However, to identify when and how fast these phase transitions occur, methods that can probe the symmetry change in the time(More)
We demonstrate a high-sensitivity ultrafast emission spectrometer based on the optical Kerr effect that time resolves emission simultaneously in the ultraviolet and visible ranges. We show that using benzene as the Kerr medium leads to the optimal balance between time-resolution and sensitivity of the optical shutter with low losses due to ultraviolet(More)
We have measured the size dependence of a solid-solid phase transformation in discrete nanoscale volumes of vanadium dioxide (VO(2)) defined by split-ring resonators. By monitoring the in-coupling plasmonic mode while thermally cycling through the insulator-metal transition, we show that hysteresis width broadens with reduced interrogation volume (i.e.,(More)
Structural ordering is widely present in molecules and materials. However, the organization of molecules on the curved surface of nanoparticles is still the least understood owing to the major limitations of the current surface characterization tools. By the merits of x-ray crystallography, we reveal the structural ordering at all scales in a super robust(More)
Solution-processed organometallic perovskites have rapidly developed into a top candidate for the active layer of photovoltaic devices. Despite the remarkable progress associated with perovskite materials, many questions about the fundamental photophysical processes taking place in these devices, remain open. High on the list of unexplained phenomena are(More)
Defects are known to affect nanoscale phase transitions, but their specific role in the metal-to-insulator transition in VO(2) has remained elusive. By combining plasmon resonance nanospectroscopy with density functional calculations, we correlate decreased phase-transition energy with oxygen vacancies created by strain at grain boundaries. By measuring the(More)
Polarization-controlled excitation of plasmonic modes in nanometric Au particle-on-film gaps is investigated experimentally using single-particle dark-field spectroscopy. Two distinct geometries are explored: nanospheres on top of and inserted in a thin gold film. Numerical simulations reveal that the three resonances arising in the scattering spectra(More)
Understanding and controlling charge and energy flow in state-of-the-art semiconductor quantum wells has enabled high-efficiency optoelectronic devices. Two-dimensional (2D) Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites are solution-processed quantum wells wherein the band gap can be tuned by varying the perovskite-layer thickness, which modulates the effective(More)
We have synthesized a series of asymmetric pentacene-tetracene heterodimers with a variable-length conjugated bridge that undergo fast and efficient intramolecular singlet fission (iSF). These compounds have distinct singlet and triplet energies, which allow us to study the spatial dynamics of excitons during the iSF process, including the significant role(More)
Ultrafast photoinduced phase transitions could revolutionize data-storage and telecommunications technologies by modulating signals in integrated nanocircuits at terahertz speeds. In quantum phase-changing materials (PCMs), microscopic charge, lattice, and orbital degrees of freedom interact cooperatively to modify macroscopic electrical and optical(More)