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The purpose of this investigation was to apply the findings of an anatomic study of the levator veli palatini, palatopharyngeus, and superior constrictor muscles in 18 fresh cadaveric specimens of normal adults to analyze current controversies in velopharyngeal function and cleft palate surgery. The levator veli palatini was observed to form a muscular(More)
The aims of this anatomic investigation were to examine the levator veli palatini, tensor veli palatini, and salpingopharyngeus muscles in relation to normal eustachian tube function and to analyze the clinical implications of these data for tubal physiology in cleft palate individuals. Detailed dissections under 3.2x loupe magnification were conducted on(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of the musculus uvulae in velopharyngeal function, its morphologic status in cleft palate, and its fate in palatoplasty procedures are subjects of controversy. The aims of this investigation were to re-examine this velar muscle to clarify its anatomic characteristics, to analyze its role in speech physiology, and to study the surgical(More)
A study conducted on 40 children, aged 1-11 years, who had genito-urinary surgery compared the quality and duration of analgesia after caudal blocks in two groups of patients. Group 1 (n = 20) received caudal bupivacaine 0.25% and group 2 (n = 20) caudal buprenorphine 4 micrograms/kg; each received 0.5 ml/kg body weight. Patients were operated on under(More)
This study was conducted on 44 children aged 1-10 years, who had undergone lower extremity orthopaedic surgery under general anaesthesia. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 23) received buprenorphine caudally and Group 2 (n = 21) received buprenorphine intramuscularly, at the completion of the surgery. The dose of buprenorphine used in both(More)
The aim of this investigation was to examine the blood supply of the normal velopharyngeal musculature and its clinical implications. Detailed dissections were performed on each side of five fresh human adult cadaveric head and neck specimens (n = 10) following carotid artery injection with liquid neoprene latex stained with green pigment. The vascular(More)
INTRODUCTION Chromium is an essential micronutrient which is required for the normal functioning of insulin and regulation of blood sugar levels. It acts as a vital antioxidant for maintaining insulin homeostasis. In diabetes mellitus, the free radical production is increased and levels of antioxidants like chromium, vanadium, selenium and manganese are(More)
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE Respiratory system involvement in scrub typhus is seen in 20-72% of patients. In endemic areas, good understanding and familiarity with the various radiologic findings of scrub typhus are essential in identifying pulmonary complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients admitted to a tertiary care center with scrub typhus between(More)