Kanji Shishido

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The present study assesses the effects of the oxidative stress marker, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and the possible MPO-related oxidative stress marker, oxidative alpha(1)-antitrypsin (oxAT), on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and protein-energy wasting (PEW) in patients on hemodialysis (HD). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a known predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among hemodialysis patients. Although ankle-brachial BP index (ABI) is a simple and reliable test for PAD screening, its sensitivity has been suggested to decrease among dialysis patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS(More)
Calcium (Ca) overload by Ca-containing phosphorus (P) binder has been suggested to be implicated in the pathogenesis of soft tissue and vascular calcification, which contribute to increased morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing dialysis. Recently, a noncalcium P binder, sevelamer hydrochloride (sevelamer), has become(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Oxidized HDL (oxHDL) may behave as proinflammatory HDL because of reduced anti-inflammatory capacity and is considered a risk factor for mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). The study presented here assessed the effect of oxHDL on protein-energy wasting (PEW) in MHD patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
Levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23, a phosphatonin, are frequently elevated in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). However, the role of FGF23 remains unclear because renal FGF receptor function might be impaired. The present cross-sectional study examines a cohort of patients (n = 196) on MHD who(More)
Cinacalcet has been shown to be effective in lowering serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels in patients with advanced secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). We investigated clinical factors influencing therapeutic response to cinacalcet for SHPT refractory to active vitamin D sterols. A total of 57 hemodialysis patients with SHPT (iPTH >300 pg/mL)(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Here, we assessed the impact of oxidized high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL), dysfunctional HDL, on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in prevalent HD patients and compared oxHDL to interleukin-6 (IL-6), a strong predictor of CVD events in HD patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS This prospective(More)
BACKGROUND We estimated the flow of endotoxins (ET) from dialysates into the blood of patients on hemodialysis (HD) using limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assays and endotoxin activity (EA) determined by neutrophil respiratory burst activity. METHODS A cross-sectional study compared groups given ultrapure bicarbonate (n = 15; group A), acetate-free(More)
The purpose of this crossover comparison study is to elucidate the differences between the effects of a novel calcitriol analog, 22-oxacalcitriol, and calcitriol on parathyroid hormone (PTH) and bone mineral metabolism in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). Twenty-three patients with moderate to severe SHPT were included in a(More)
BACKGROUND Falecalcitriol is a novel vitamin D analog, which has a greater potential to suppress parathyroid hormone (PTH) and a longer half-life. There are few studies to compare clinical effects of oral falecalcitriol treatment with those of intravenous calcitriol treatment. METHODS Twenty-one patients with moderate to severe SHPT were included in a(More)