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Osteosarcoma is the most frequent childhood bone cancer (Tebbi, C. K., and Gaeta, J. Pediatr. Ann., 17:285-300, 1988). Using Southern blot mapping, we found that 11 of 60 (18%) osteosarcomas had altered restriction patterns of the p53 gene and that six of these had loss of the other p53 allele. In contrast, no alteration of the p53 gene was detected in 50(More)
We have investigated the involvement of tumor suppressor genes in the genesis of osteosarcoma by analyzing allele losses at polymorphic loci in tumor tissues. Genotypes of DNA from primary osteosarcoma tissue and corresponding normal cells from 37 patients were analyzed at 58 polymorphic loci representing each autosomal chromosome arm except 5p and 20q.(More)
Eukaryotic cells are equipped with machinery to monitor and repair damaged DNA. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA replication occurs at discrete sites in nuclei, the replication compartment, where viral replication proteins cluster and synthesize a large amount of viral DNA. In the present study, HSV infection was found to elicit a cellular DNA damage(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental carcinogens leads to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC); however, the impact of genetic variations in carcinogen metabolisms and DNA repair on OSCC risk considering environmental exposures has not been clearly elucidated. METHODS We conducted a case-control study with 122 cases and 241 controls. The risk of OSCC was(More)
We examined the relationship between p53 mutation, murine double minute 2 (MDM2) gene amplification, and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in 72 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas. We identified p53 mutations in 29 tumors (40.3%) by PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing. Amplification of the MDM2 gene was detected by(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have identified germline mutations of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene in families with the Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a rare inherited disorder characterized by a high risk of sarcomas of bone and soft tissue, breast cancer, and other tumors. In this report, we address the possibility that some sporadic sarcomas may be associated with new(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 13 and the age of patients at operation were studied in 46 cases of retinoblastoma (RB) tumors, of which 25 were hereditary and 21 were non-hereditary. The frequency of LOH was 70% for all informative tumors, but significantly higher in non-hereditary tumors (90%) than in hereditary ones (52%). Our results suggest(More)
The mutational spectrum of the p53 gene was analyzed in 53 hepatocellular carcinomas. Somatic mutations of the p53 gene were detected in 17 cases (32%). Among these 17 mutations, 9 were missense mutations; the mutations in the other 8 cases were nonsense mutations, deletions, or mutations at the intron-exon junctions. These mutations were found in a wide(More)
We have performed an intensive mutation survey of the Rb gene in 63 osteosarcomas. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the Rb locus was analyzed by using polymerase chain reaction at four intronic polymorphic sites, and 62.9% (39 of 62) of tumors showed LOH. Mutation analysis of the Rb gene was performed by Southern blot for structural anomalies, polymerase(More)
Most sporadic cases of retinoblastoma, malignant eye tumor of children, may require the identification of a mutation of the retinoblastoma gene (RB1 gene) for precise genetic counseling. We established a mutation detection system of and screened for the RB1 gene mutation in 24 patients with retinoblastoma--12 bilateral patients and 12 unilateral patients.(More)