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Vaccination is the most effective prophylactic method for preventing influenza. Quantification of influenza vaccine antigens is critically important before the vaccine is used for human immunization. Currently the vaccine antigen quantification relies on hemagglutinin content quantification, the key antigenic component, by single radial immunodiffusion(More)
The outbreak of human infections of a novel avian influenza virus A (H7N9) prompted the development of the vaccines against this virus. Like all types of influenza vaccines, H7N9 vaccine must be tested for its potency prior to being used in humans. However, the unavailability of international reference reagents for the potency determination of H7N9 vaccines(More)
H7N9 is a newly emerged avian influenza virus with a relatively high mortality rate in humans. At this time, there is no licensed vaccine for human protection. Development of analytical tools for H7N9 vaccine could facilitate vaccine development. Here, a universally conserved epitope in all H7 hemagglutinin (HA) sequences was identified through(More)
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