Learn More
On-chip source-synchronous serial communication has many advantages over multi-bit parallel communication in the aspects of skew, crosstalk area cost, wiring difficulty, and clock synchronization. However, the serial wire tends to dissipate more energy than parallel bus due to the bit multiplexing. We propose a coding method to reduce the transmission(More)
An energy-efficient network-on-chip (NoC) is presented for possible application to high-performance system-onchip (SoC) design. It incorporates heterogeneous intellectual properties (IPs) such as multiple RISCs and SRAMs, a reconfigurable logic array, an off-chip gateway, and a 1.6-GHz phase-locked loop (PLL). Its hierarchically-star-connected on-chip(More)
We propose a new crossbar switch structure with adaptive bandwidth control. In a complex SoC design, the proposed crossbar switch efficiently incorporates various IPs with different bandwidth requirements. Simulation under various traffic scenarios shows that the throughput of the proposed crossbar switch is as high as that of conventional switch operating(More)
OBJECT The role of postoperative radiation therapy after surgery for atypical meningiomas remains controversial. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors examine the recurrence rates for atypical meningiomas after resection (with or without adjuvant radiotherapy) and identify which factors were associated with recurrence. METHODS Of 90 patients(More)
Azoreductase, an enzyme catalyzing the reductive cleavage of the azo bond of methyl red (MR) and related dyes, was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from Enterobacter agglomerans. This bacterial strain, isolated from dye-contaminated sludge, has a higher ability to grow, under aerobic conditions, on culture medium containing 100mg/L of MR. The enzyme(More)
We describe the structural and functional properties of three-dimensional (3D) nerve guides fabricated from poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) using the air gap electrospinning process. This process makes it possible to deposit nano-to-micron diameter fibers into linear bundles that are aligned in parallel with the long axis of a cylindrical construct. By varying(More)
A structured packet-switched Networks-on-Chip (NoC) is designed and implemented for high-performance heterogeneous SoC design platform. The chip integrates multiprocessors, multiple memories, and other heterogeneous Intellectual Properties and interconnection with 51mW and 1.6GHz on-chip networks. The NoC adopts a partial activated crossbar, low-energy(More)
A robust and complex inflammatory cascade is known to be a prominent component of secondary injury following spinal cord injury (SCI). Specifically, the concept of trauma-induced autoimmunity has linked the lymphocyte population with neural tissue injury and neurologic deficit. FTY720, a sphingosine receptor modulator that sequesters lymphocytes in(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary neurotransmitter that is responsible for the fast inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. A major post-translational mechanism that can rapidly regulate GABAAR function is receptor phosphorylation. This study was designed to test the effect of endogenous calcium and calmodulin-dependent(More)