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The identification and production of recombinant morphogens and growth factors that play key roles in tissue regeneration have generated much enthusiasm and numerous clinical trials, but the results of many of these trials have been largely disappointing. Interestingly, the trials that have shown benefit all contain a common denominator, the presence of a(More)
Porous biomaterials have been widely used as scaffolds in tissue engineering and cell-based therapies. The release of biological agents from conventional porous scaffolds is typically governed by molecular diffusion, material degradation, and cell migration, which do not allow for dynamic external regulation. We present a new active porous scaffold that can(More)
Current treatment modalities for soft tissue augmentation which use autologous grafting and commercially available fillers present a number of challenges and limitations, such as donor site morbidity and volume loss over time. Adipose tissue engineering technology may provide an attractive alternative. This study investigated the feasibility of a degradable(More)
Growth factors (GFs) are major biochemical cues for tissue regeneration. Herein, a novel dual GF delivery system is designed composed of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) and alginate microcapsules (MCs) via an electrodropping method. While bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 is encapsulated in the PLGA NPs, vascular endothelial growth(More)
An artificial matrix (Fn-Tigra), consisting of graphene oxide (GO) and fibronectin (Fn), is developed on pure titanium (Ti) substrates via an electrodropping technique assisted with a custom-made coaxial needle. The morphology and topography of the resulting artificial matrix is orderly aligned and composed of porous microcavities. In addition, Fn is(More)
The effectiveness of stem cell therapies has been hampered by cell death and limited control over fate. These problems can be partially circumvented by using macroporous biomaterials that improve the survival of transplanted stem cells and provide molecular cues to direct cell phenotype. Stem cell behaviour can also be controlled in vitro by manipulating(More)
Tissue reinnervation following trauma, disease, or transplantation often presents a significant challenge. Here, we show that the delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from alginate hydrogels ameliorates loss of skeletal muscle innervation after ischemic injury by promoting both maintenance and regrowth of damaged axons in mice. Nerve growth(More)
Phosphorescence is among the many functional features that, in practice, divide pure organic compounds from organometallics and inorganics. Considered to be practically non-phosphorescent, purely organic compounds (metal-free) are very rarely explored as emitters in phosphor applications, despite the emerging demand in this field. To defy this paradigm, we(More)
This paper proposes a wafer alignment method using a feedforward neural network (FNN). A wafer is placed on a vacuum table and its misalignment is inspected by a frame grabber. The alignment of the wafer is repeatedly corrected by adjusting its kinematic positions until the misalignment becomes zero. The training set is composed of the misalignment and the(More)
We present a newly devised technique, the dynamic layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition method, that is designed to take advantage of the LbL deposition method and fluidic devices. Polyelectrolyte solutions are sequentially injected through the fluidic LbL deposition device to quickly build well-defined multilayer films on a selected region with a linear increase(More)