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Evidence has shown that the activation of the autophagy pathway after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) protects against neuronal damage. Tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ), a commonly used nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activator, was found to significantly enhance autophagy activation. The aim of this study was to explore the(More)
Previous studies have shown that pathological zinc accumulation and deposition of ubiquitinated protein aggregates are commonly detected in many acute neural injuries, such as trauma, epilepsy and ischemia. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we assessed the effect of zinc on ubiquitin conjugation and subsequent neurodegeration(More)
Both chronic pain and depression are debilitating diseases, which often coexist in clinic. However, current analgesics and antidepressants exhibit limited efficacy for this comorbidity. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of ketamine on the comorbidity of inflammatory pain and consequent depression-like behaviors in a rat model established by(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ co-activator-1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional co-activator that co-ordinately regulates genes required for mitochondrial biogenesis and is a key contributor to the up-regulation of antioxidant activities in response to oxidative stress. The expression pattern of PGC-1α after traumatic brain injury(More)
OBJECTIVE Using the functional connectivity analysis based on the underlying neurophysiological characteristic that epileptic discharges can induce change of brain default mode, to develop a technique for epileptogenic localization using functional MRI (fMRI) without simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG). METHODS A data-driven method that jointly(More)
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