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The objective of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of a single-dose of preoperative intravenous tramadol versus ketorolac in preventing pain after third molar surgery. Sixty-four patients undergoing elective third molar surgery were randomly assigned into one of the two groups (32 in each group): Group I received tramadol 50 mg, and Group 2(More)
There is uncertainty regarding the role of preemptive analgesia in preventing postoperative pain. Most previous studies were of parallel design completed under general anesthesia with many confounding inter-patient's variables. The present study evaluated the efficacy of preemptive ketorolac in a crossover design in patients undergoing bilateral mandibular(More)
This article reviews the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for postoperative dental pain. An evidence-based approach is used to evaluate the clinical studies to date on the safe use of these drugs in dental patients. No drugs are without adverse effects or are perfectly safe, but their safe use in clinical practice would entail maximizing(More)
Sound measurement, an essential component of any scientific discipline, remains a particular problem in pain research. The measurement of pain intensity, for example, is a difficult and often a subjective undertaking. This is of little surprise to clinicians and researchers, because it is well recognised that pain intensity, like other sensations and(More)
Fear and avoidance of dental treatment are major deterrents to oral health. Sedation can be used to control both the patient's fear and anxiety so that proper dental care can be provided for these patients. The purpose of this article is to discuss the use of sedation in dentistry and to provide a recommendation on the requirements and medico-legal aspects(More)
BACKGROUND Previous data have demonstrated that rofecoxib has good analgesic efficacy for acute postoperative dental pain. However, up to half of these patients require rescue analgesics within the first 24 hours. As the timing of analgesic interventions may be an important factor in pain control, the present study tested the hypothesis that rofecoxib(More)
Chronic pain and depression often occur simultaneously, may have common causal mechanisms, and may also influence each other. An understanding of their precise relationship would be useful for the prediction of response to treatment and for better pain management for chronic pain patients. A biopsychosocial model will be used in this review paper to(More)
Trigeminal neuralgia is a type of facial pain that is difficult to treat. The pain can be excruciating and debilitating. The wide range of treatments currently used for trigeminal neuralgia is ample evidence that there is no simple answer to how it should be managed. This review will evaluate the current surgical procedures used for the treatment of(More)
T cell subpopulations as defined by E rosette formation and Fc receptors for immunoglobulins were determined, using ox red blood cells coated with the IgG or IgM fraction of rabbit anti-ox red blood cells antibody to form rosettes with the peripheral blood lymphocytes of 18 pregnant females and 12 healthy nonpregnant females. It was shown that the TG cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Preliminary animal data has shown that nitrous oxide has a preemptive analgesic effect on postoperative pain. Whether a similar effect occurs in humans is not established. In this prospective randomized crossover study, we investigated the effect of preincisional versus postincisional nitrous oxide on postoperative oral surgical pain.Study design(More)