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Dissipation of micro- and nanoscale mechanical structures is dominated by quantum-mechanical tunneling of two-level defects intrinsically present in the system. We find that at high frequencies-usually, for smaller, micron-scale structures-a novel mechanism of phonon pumping of two-level defects gives rise to weakly temperature-dependent internal friction,(More)
We investigate the transport and the dynamical properties of tunnel-coupled double charge shuttles. The oscillation frequencies of two shuttles are mode locked to integer multiples of the applied voltage frequency omega. We show that left-right-symmetric double shuttles may generate direct net current due to bistable motions caused by parametric(More)
In the ear, hair cells transform mechanical stimuli into neuronal signals with great sensitivity, relying on certain active processes. Individual hair cell bundles of non-mammals such as frogs and turtles are known to show spontaneous oscillation. However, hair bundles in vivo must be quiet in the absence of stimuli, otherwise the signal is drowned in(More)
We investigate the ground and excited states of interacting electrons in a quantum point contact using an exact diagonalization method. We find that strongly localized states in the point contact appear when a new transverse conductance channel opens and longitudinal resonant level is formed due to momentum mismatch. These localized states form magnetic(More)
Hair cells conduct auditory transduction in vertebrates. In lower vertebrates such as frogs and turtles, due to the active mechanism in hair cells, hair bundles (stereocilia) can be spontaneously oscillating or quiescent. Recently an amplitude death phenomenon has been proposed [K.-H. Ahn, J. R. Soc. Interface, 10, 20130525 (2013)] as a mechanism for(More)
We calculate in an analyical fashion the energies and net spins of skyrmions in fractional quantum Hall systems, based on the suggestion that skyrmion states are spontaneously L Z and S Z symmetry-breaking states. The quasihole-skyrmion state with a charge −e/3 around ν = 1/3, where the ground state is known as a spin-polarized ferromagnetic state, is found(More)
We investigate the effects of electron correlations on the ground state energy and the chemical potential of a droplet confined by a parabolic potential at high magnetic fields. We demonstrate the importance of correlations in estimating the transition field at which the first edge reconstruction of the maximum density droplet occurs in the spin polarized(More)
We reveal new stripe states in deformed hexagonal array of photonic wave guides when the array is terminated to have a ribbon-shaped geometry. Unlike the well-known zero energy edge modes of honeycomb ribbon, the new one-dimensional states are shown to originate from high-energy saddle-shaped photonic bands of the ribbon's two-dimensional counterpart. We(More)
Inspired by auditory hair cells of lower vertebrates, we design and fabricate an opto-electro-mechanical sensor at the border of its spontaneous activity, called Hopf bifurcation critical point. As proposed for biological hair cells, we observe that, as the system approaches the critical point, the frequency selectivity and the force sensitivity are(More)