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A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model consisting of vein, artery, lung, liver, spleen, kidneys, heart, testes, muscle, brain, adipose tissue, stomach, and small intestine was developed to predict the tissue distribution and blood pharmacokinetics of bisphenol A in rats and humans. To demonstrate the validity of the developed PBPK model,(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles (NPs) surface modified with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and transferrin, and containing doxorubicin were designed and prepared. Surface amines of HSA were reversibly protected with dimethylmaleic anhydride (DMMA), and HSA-NPs were prepared using a desolvation technique.(More)
Three new labdane diterpenes (1-3), together with eight known diterpenoids, were isolated from a methanol extract of the aerial parts of Aster spathulifolius. The structures of 1-3 were determined as (13R)-labda-7,14-diene 13-O-beta-d-(4'-O-acetyl)fucopyranoside (1), (13R)-labda-7,14-diene 13-O-beta-d-(3'-O-acetyl)fucopyranoside (2), and(More)
Polymer nanoparticles have been used as non-viral gene delivery systems and drug delivery systems. In this study, biodegradable poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA)/polyethylenimine (PEI) and poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/PEI nanoparticles were prepared and characterized as gene delivery systems. The PLA/PEI and PLGA/PEI nanoparticles, which were prepared by a(More)
1. The study was performed to predict the pharmacokinetic disposition of bisphenol A in humans using simple allometry and several species-invariant time methods based on animal data. Bisphenol A was injected intravenously to mouse, rat, rabbit and dog (1-2 mg kg(-1) doses). 2. The obtained serum concentration-time profiles were best described by(More)
To develop a poloxamer-based solid suppository with poloxamer mixtures, the melting point of various formulations composed of poloxamer 124 (P 124) and poloxamer 188 (P 188) were investigated. The dissolution and pharmacokinetic study of diclofenac sodium delivered by the poloxamer-based suppository were performed. Furthermore, the identification test in(More)
A porous large poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres (MS) adsorbed with palmityl-acylated exendin-4 (Ex4-C(16)) was devised as an inhalation delivery system. The porous MS was prepared by a single o/w emulsification/solvent evaporation method using extractable Pluronic F68/F127, and its fabrication and formulation conditions were carefully(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that Notch signalling plays a role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to determine whether pharmacological inhibition of Notch signalling with γ-secretase inhibitors can ameliorate the RA disease process in an animal model. METHODS Collagen-induced arthritis was induced in C57BL/6 or Notch antisense(More)
Rebamipide is an anti-ulcer agent exhibiting a low aqueous solubility and a poor oral bioavailability. This study was conducted to examine if the rebamipide lysinate salt form would exhibit improved solubility profiles and higher oral bioavailability compared with rebamipide free acid. Both compounds showed pH-dependent solubility profiles, with the(More)
Peptides like salmon calcitonin (sCT) are subjected to aggressive proteolytic attack by various intestinal enzymes, and fractions that enter the systemic circulation via the intestinal route are rapidly inactivated by tissue accumulation and glomerular filtration. Here, we describe the beneficial effects of the Lys(18)-amine specific PEGylation of sCT on(More)