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A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model consisting of vein, artery, lung, liver, spleen, kidneys, heart, testes, muscle, brain, adipose tissue, stomach, and small intestine was developed to predict the tissue distribution and blood pharmacokinetics of bisphenol A in rats and humans. To demonstrate the validity of the developed PBPK model,(More)
Three new labdane diterpenes (1-3), together with eight known diterpenoids, were isolated from a methanol extract of the aerial parts of Aster spathulifolius. The structures of 1-3 were determined as (13R)-labda-7,14-diene 13-O-beta-d-(4'-O-acetyl)fucopyranoside (1), (13R)-labda-7,14-diene 13-O-beta-d-(3'-O-acetyl)fucopyranoside (2), and(More)
1. The study was performed to predict the pharmacokinetic disposition of bisphenol A in humans using simple allometry and several species-invariant time methods based on animal data. Bisphenol A was injected intravenously to mouse, rat, rabbit and dog (1-2 mg kg(-1) doses). 2. The obtained serum concentration-time profiles were best described by(More)
A porous large poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres (MS) adsorbed with palmityl-acylated exendin-4 (Ex4-C(16)) was devised as an inhalation delivery system. The porous MS was prepared by a single o/w emulsification/solvent evaporation method using extractable Pluronic F68/F127, and its fabrication and formulation conditions were carefully(More)
To develop a poloxamer-based solid suppository with poloxamer mixtures, the melting point of various formulations composed of poloxamer 124 (P 124) and poloxamer 188 (P 188) were investigated. The dissolution and pharmacokinetic study of diclofenac sodium delivered by the poloxamer-based suppository were performed. Furthermore, the identification test in(More)
Peptides like salmon calcitonin (sCT) are subjected to aggressive proteolytic attack by various intestinal enzymes, and fractions that enter the systemic circulation via the intestinal route are rapidly inactivated by tissue accumulation and glomerular filtration. Here, we describe the beneficial effects of the Lys(18)-amine specific PEGylation of sCT on(More)
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the biological potentials of PEGylated salmon calcitonin (PEG-sCT) derivatives administered intratracheally and their dependences on PEG Mw (1, 2, 5 kDa). Initially, three different PEG-sCT derivatives were site-specifically synthesized by attaching PEG to the Lys(18)-amine. In an attempt to examine the pulmonary(More)
Alterations in the physicochemical characteristics of peptide drugs can transform their biological and pharmaceutical features. In the present study, we explored the potentials of lithocholic acid (LCA)-modified exendin-4 derivatives as novel long-acting GLP-1 receptor agonists. Exendin-4 was modified with lithocholic acid at two lysine residues to produce(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles (NPs) surface modified with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and transferrin, and containing doxorubicin were designed and prepared. Surface amines of HSA were reversibly protected with dimethylmaleic anhydride (DMMA), and HSA-NPs were prepared using a desolvation technique.(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) (GLP-1) is a hormone derived from the proglucagon molecule, which is considered a highly desirable antidiabetic agent mainly due to its unique glucose-dependent stimulation of insulin secretion profiles. However, the development of a GLP-1-based pharmaceutical agent has a severe limitation due to its very short half-life in(More)