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Recent studies show that in addition to enhancing neural processing for attentionally relevant stimuli, selective attention also operates by suppressing the processing of distracter stimuli. When subjects are pre-cued to selectively deploy attention during voluntary (endogenous) attentional tasks, these mechanisms can be set up in advance of actual stimulus(More)
Rats subjected to a mild to moderate fluid percussion injury exhibit memory deficits that are similar to rats that have received lesions of the septohippocampal system. Because the cholinergic system plays a major role in septohippocampal function, we studied the kinetics of the synthetic enzyme for acetylcholine, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), at 1 h,(More)
Para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), a tuberculostatic agent, was formulated into large porous particles for direct delivery into the lungs via inhalation. These particles possess optimized physical properties for deposition throughout the respiratory tract, a drug loading of 95% by weight and physical stability over 4 weeks at elevated temperatures. Upon(More)
Accumulation of calcium following experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been demonstrated to be a prominent pathophysiological component that can compromise mitochondrial functioning and threaten cell survival. The omega-conopeptide SNX-111, also known as Ziconotide, is a potent antagonist of the voltage-gated N-type calcium channel and has(More)
To determine prevalence of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection in Henan, China, we conducted a study of 11,554 hospital patients. Prevalence was 0.70% (95% confidence interval 0.70% ± 0.15%), with all age groups infected. Most cases were found in the summer. Minor sequence polymorphisms were observed in the 18S rRNA gene of 35 isolates characterized.
The omega-conopeptide, SNX-111 (NEUREX Corporation) was administered to rats 1 hour following a lateral fluid percussion brain injury to determine if the drug could reduced the extent and duration of trauma-induced calcium accumulation. Administration at doses of 3 or 5 mg/kg (i.v.) markedly reduced the extent of calcium accumulation as determined using(More)
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