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We have studied the effects of overexpression of superoxide dismutase (SOD), a tumor suppressor protein that dismutes superoxide radical to H2O2, on breast cancer cell growth in vitro and xenograft growth in vivo. No previous work has directly compared the growth-suppressive effects of manganese SOD (MnSOD) and copper-zinc SOD (CuZnSOD). We hypothesized(More)
The extracellular domain (ECD) of the human follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (hFSHR) is believed to be the major determinant of hormone selectivity. Different discrete, discontinuous regions on the ECD of the hFSHR have been suggested to be crucial for hormone binding. However, the role of the ECD in signal transduction is not well understood. This(More)
Follicular development, ovulation and luteal function are controlled by gonadotrophins. However, recent evidence indicates that local factors are also responsible for the regulation of folliculogenesis. In addition to their endocrine action on pituitary gonadotrophins, inhibin, activin and follistatin also have a paracrine role in follicular maturation. An(More)
The crucial role played by follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in regulating both male and female reproduction and the possibilities of developing contraceptive methods for males by blocking the function of the hormone, makes it important to delineate the hormone-specific bioneutralization epitopes of human follicle stimulating hormone (hFSH) on its(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary. It plays a very important role in folliculogenesis in females and is responsible for spermatogenesis in males. The alpha-subunit which is common within a species and the beta-subunit which is hormone-specific are held together by noncovalent(More)
Our studies have shown that the administration of antibodies to chicken riboflavin carrier protein (cRCP) or disulfide-reduced carboxymethylated cRCP (RCM-RCP) leads to termination of pregnancy in mice. In an attempt to delineate the bioneutralizing epitopes, a combination of chemical modification and predictive methods was used. The results led to the(More)
Human follicle-stimulating hormone (hFSH) is a key hormone regulating both male and female reproduction. The present study attempts to delineate the hFSH-specific antigenic determinants on its beta-subunit. Predictive methods were used to identify the potential surface-oriented regions of hFSH-beta. Peptides corresponding to these regions, namely, 31-52,(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone essential for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. The alpha- and beta-subunits of hCG are highly cross-linked internally by disulfide bonds that seem to stabilize the tertiary structures required for the noncovalent association of the subunits to generate hormonal(More)