Learn More
Two small GTPase Rabs, Rab32 and Rab38, have recently been proposed to regulate trafficking of melanogenic enzymes to melanosomes in mammalian epidermal melanocytes; however, the exact molecular mechanism of Rab32/38-mediated transport of melanogenic enzymes has never been clarified, because no Rab32/38-specific effector has ever been identified. In this(More)
Because Varp (VPS9-ankyrin-repeat protein)/Ankrd27 specifically binds two small GTPases, Rab32 and Rab38, which redundantly regulate the trafficking of melanogenic enzymes in mammalian epidermal melanocytes, it has recently been implicated in the regulation of trafficking of a melanogenic enzyme tyrosinase-related protein 1 (Tyrp1) to melanosomes. However,(More)
Melanogenic enzymes are transported by vesicular/membrane trafficking to immature melanosomes in melanocytes where they catalyze the synthesis of melanin pigments. Although several factors involved in melanogenic enzyme trafficking have been identified in the past decade, involvement of the SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein(More)
The mass of pancreatic β-cells is maintained throughout lifetime to control blood glucose levels. Although the major mechanism of the maintenance of β-cell mass after birth is thought to be selfreplication of pre-existing β-cells, it is possible that pancreatic β-cells are also generated from non-β-cells. Here, we address this issue by using the inducible(More)
A synergistic factor (SyF), which enhanced the infection of nuclear polyhedrosis viruses, was purified from capsules of a Pseudaletia unipuncta granulosis virus (Hawaiian strain) by immune affinity chromatography. The isolated SyF consisted primarily of a protein with molecular mass 98 kDa. The recovery rate depended on the alkali used to dissolve the(More)
Vacuolar protein sorting 9 (VPS9)-ankyrin-repeat protein (Varp) has recently been identified as an effector molecule for two small GTPases-Rab32 and Rab38-in the transport of a melanogenic enzyme tyrosinase-related protein 1 (Tyrp1) to melanosomes in melanocytes. Although Varp contains a Rab21-guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) domain (i.e., VPS9(More)
Miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs) are widespread in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes, where their copy numbers can attain several thousands. Little is known, however, about the genetic factor(s) affecting their transpositions. Here, we show that disruption of a gene encoding ubiquitin-like protein markedly enhances the(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists potentiate glucose-induced insulin secretion. In addition, they have been reported to increase pancreatic beta cell mass in diabetic rodents. However, the precise mode of action of GLP-1 receptor agonists still needs to be elucidated. Here we clarify the effects of the human GLP-1 analog liraglutide on beta(More)
  • 1