Kanako Takahashi

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The effects of Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions on the activities of mitochondrial and cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenases isolated from horse, rat, and beef livers were investigated in 0.1 M sodium phosphate, pH 7.5, at 25 degrees C. As with the Mg2+-enhancement of the horse liver mitochondrial enzyme [17], Mg2+-activation was observed for the mitochondrial enzymes from(More)
The in vitro use of neurons that are differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC-neurons) is expected to improve the prediction accuracy of preclinical tests for both screening and safety assessments in drug development. To achieve this goal, hiPSC neurons are required to differentiate into functional neurons that form excitatory(More)
The astrocytic L-glutamate (L-Glu) transporter EAAT1 participates in the removal of L-Glu from the synaptic cleft and maintenance of non-toxic concentrations in the extracellular fluid. We have shown that niflumic acid (NFA), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs), alters L-Glu-induced EAAT1 currents in a voltage-dependent manner using the(More)
We recently found that tamoxifen suppresses l-glutamate transport activity of cultured astrocytes. Here, in an attempt to separate the l-glutamate transporter-inhibitory activity from the estrogen receptor-mediated genomic effects, we synthesized several compounds structurally related to tamoxifen. Among them, we identified two compounds, 1 (YAK01) and 3(More)
We investigated the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on substrate-induced currents of L-glutamate (L-Glu) transporter EAAT1 expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Niflumic acid (NFA) and diclofenac inhibited L-Glu-induced current through EAAT1 in a non-competitive manner. NFA produced a leftward shift in reversal potential (E(rev)) of(More)
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