Kanako Takahashi

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IDO induction can deplete L-tryptophan in target cells, an effect partially responsible for the antimicrobial activities and antiallogeneic T cell responses of IFN-gamma in human macrophages, dendritic cells, and bone marrow cells. L-tryptophan depletion and NO production are both known to have an antimicrobial effect in macrophages, and the interaction of(More)
The pharmacological effects of rivoglitazone, a novel thiazolidinedione-derivative peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonist, were characterized in vitro and in vivo. Rivoglitazone activated human PPARgamma more potently compared with rosiglitazone and pioglitazone and had little effect on PPARalpha and PPARdelta activity in luciferase(More)
AIMS In this study, we evaluated whether catechins could inhibit the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators induced by dental caries-related bacteria, Streptococci, or pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) stimulation in human dental pulp fibroblasts (HDPF). We further determined the mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory activity of catechins. (More)
Metformin is an anti-diabetic agent that has been reported to decrease plasma glucose by multiple mechanisms, such as decreasing hepatic glucose production and activating peripheral glucose utilization. In order to elucidate the primary glucose-lowering mechanism of metformin, the present study focused on a comparison of the acute effect between metformin(More)
Severe pulpitis resulting from dental caries is characterized by marked inflammatory infiltrate such as lymphocytes. Little is known about the recruitment of these cells into the dental pulp lesions of carious teeth. Macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha (MIP-3alpha), a CC chemokine attracts CC chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6)-expressing T cells. We examined(More)
Postprandial hyperglycemia is one of the features of type 2 diabetes. Increased hepatic gluconeogenesis is a predominant cause of postprandial hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the effect of gluconeogenesis inhibition on postprandial hyperglycemia using CS-917, a novel inhibitor of fructose 1,6-bisphphosphatase (FBPase) which is(More)
Contributions of gluconeogenesis suppression in liver, kidney, and intestine as major gluconeogenic organs to the glucose-lowering effect of CS-917, a fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase inhibitor, was evaluated in overnight-fasted Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. CS-917 decreased plasma glucose by suppressing glucose release and lactate uptake from liver but not from(More)
Streptococcus intermedius is a commensal associated with serious, deep-seated purulent infections in major organs, such as the brain and liver. Histone-like DNA binding protein (HLP) is an accessory architectural protein in a variety of bacterial cellular processes. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of pro-inflammatory cytokine inductions in(More)
Astaxanthin (Asx) would be expected to prevent ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin damage, as it is regarded as a potent antioxidative carotenoid in biological membranes. However, it is difficult to administer Asx topically to skin because of its poor water solubility. In this study, we attempted to solve this problem by preparing liposomes containing Asx(More)
We recently found that tamoxifen suppresses l-glutamate transport activity of cultured astrocytes. Here, in an attempt to separate the l-glutamate transporter-inhibitory activity from the estrogen receptor-mediated genomic effects, we synthesized several compounds structurally related to tamoxifen. Among them, we identified two compounds, 1 (YAK01) and 3(More)