Kanako Nakagawa

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Repair of cartilage injury with hyaline cartilage continues to be a challenging clinical problem. Because of the limited number of chondrocytes in vivo, coupled with in vitro de-differentiation of chondrocytes into fibrochondrocytes, which secrete type I collagen and have an altered matrix architecture and mechanical function, there is a need for a novel(More)
The repair of large cartilage defects with hyaline cartilage continues to be a challenging clinical issue. We recently reported that the forced expression of two reprogramming factors (c-Myc and Klf4) and one chondrogenic factor (SOX9) can induce chondrogenic cells from mouse dermal fibroblast culture without going through a pluripotent state. We here(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a serious toxic metal, which is classified as a possible human carcinogen. We assessed the effects of Cd on the expression levels of homeobox genes, which are associated with carcinogenesis. Among 6 homeobox genes examined in this study, only HOXB8 exhibited increased mRNA expression in COS-7 cells treated with 10 microM CdCl(2).(More)
Coronary artery aneurysm is a fairly uncommon clinical entity, which is defined by a characteristic dilatation that exceeds 1.5 times the width of normal adjacent coronary artery segments. In the present report, we describe a case of rupture of a massive coronary artery aneurysm. A man in his 40s was found dead in his bed. The pericardial cavity contained(More)
Islet transplantation is a prospective treatment for restoring normoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes. Islet isolation from pancreases by decomposition with proteolytic enzymes is necessary for transplantation. Two collagenases, collagenase class I (ColG) and collagenase class II (ColH), from Clostridium histolyticum have been used for islet(More)
Oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease. The purpose of this study is to estimate the amount of oxidative stress that is present when healthy humans consume moderate amounts of ethanol. Blood was collected from healthy volunteers before, 1 h, and 3 h after drinking 400 ml of Japanese rice wine at the rate of 100 ml per 5(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Enteroscopic observation has clearly demonstrated that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs/low-dose aspirin (usually enteric-coated) induces hemorrhagic lesions, including ulcers and bleeding, in the small intestine of patients at a high incidence. Such intestinal lesions induced by NSAIDs have been confirmed in animal experiments.(More)
Ethanol causes extensive damage to the intestinal tract from the oropharynx to the rectum. The jejunum has also been shown to be particularly vulnerable to the deleterious effects of ethanol. We hypothesized that (I) the pathogenesis of acute alcohol-mediated injury in the small intestine involves generation of reactive oxygen species, and consequentially,(More)
An improved technique for the analysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and lyso-phosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC) oxidation products was developed using quadrupole time of flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. We separated these products using an HPLC C(8) column with a gradient of methanol and 10mM aqueous ammonium acetate. Monohydroxides,(More)