Kanako Iwasaki

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Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) is an incretin secreted from enteroendocrine K cells in response to meal ingestion. Recently free fatty acid receptor G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 120 was identified as a lipid sensor involved in glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion. However, Gpr 120 gene expression and its role in K cells remain unclear, partly due to(More)
Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) is an incretin released from enteroendocrine K cells in response to nutrient intake, especially fat. GIP is one of the contributing factors inducing fat accumulation that results in obesity. A recent study shows that fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) is expressed in murine K cells and is involved in fat-induced GIP(More)
Purpose. Little is known about the influence of high-dose sevoflurane on cerebral volume. We evaluated induction time and cerebral blood volume with 8% sevoflurane using the “vital capacity induction” technique. Methods. Thirty-four patients were randomly allocated into three groups. Group P received 2.0 mg·kg−1 of propofol i.v. and inhalation of 67%(More)
Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) exhibits potent insulinotropic effects on β-cells and anabolic effects on bone formation and fat accumulation. We explored the impact of reduced GIP levels in vivo on glucose homeostasis, bone formation, and fat accumulation in a novel GIP-GFP knock-in (KI) mouse. We generated GIP-GFP KI mice with a truncated prepro-GIP(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, manifested by reduced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Several transcription factors enriched in β-cells, such as MafA, control β-cell function by organizing genes involved in GSIS. Here we demonstrate that nardilysin (N-arginine dibasic convertase; Nrd1 and NRDc) critically(More)
Gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor (GIPR) directly induces energy accumulation in adipose tissue in vitro. However, the importance of the direct effect of GIPR signaling on adipose tissue in vivo remains unclear. In the current study, we generated adipose tissue-specific GIPR knockout (GIPRadipo-/-) mice and investigated the direct actions of GIP in(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secreted from enteroendocrine L cells is an incretin that potentiates insulin secretion and is already applied in therapies for type 2 diabetes. However, detailed examination of L cells throughout the gastrointestinal tract remains unclear, because of difficulties in purifying scattered L cells from other(More)
O-GlcNAcylation is characterised by the addition of N-acetylglucosamine to various proteins by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and serves in sensing intracellular nutrients by modulating various cellular processes. Although it has been speculated that O-GlcNAcylation is associated with glucose metabolism, its exact role in whole body glucose metabolism has not(More)
Free fatty acid receptors GPR120 and GPR40 are involved in the secretion of gut hormones. GPR120 and GPR40 are expressed in enteroendocrine K cells, and their activation induces the secretion of the incretin glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). However, the role of these receptors in fat-induced GIP secretion in vivo and the associated(More)