Kanakatte Raviprakash

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A DNA vaccine that expresses the premembrane/membrane (prM) and envelope (E) genes of dengue virus serotype-1 was tested for immunogenicity and protection against dengue-1 virus challenge in Aotus nancymae monkeys. The vaccine, in 1 mg doses, was administered intradermally (i.d.) to three monkeys and intramuscularly (i.m.) to three others. For controls, a 1(More)
To develop a nucleic acid vaccine against dengue type-2 virus, the PreM and 92% of the envelope (E) genes were cloned into different eukaryotic plasmid expression vectors (pkCMVint Polyli and pVR1012). The resultant plasmid constructs (pD2ME and P1012D2ME) properly expressed the truncated E protein in vitro as evidenced by the expected protein size on(More)
A dengue 2 plasmid DNA vaccine (pD2) expressing the pre-membrane and envelope proteins (preM-E) was modified by replacing the dengue transmembrane and cytoplasmic sequences with those of the mouse lysosome-associated membrane protein (pD2/LAMP). Immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy of human 293, NIH 3T3, and macrophage IC21 cell lines transfected with(More)
A dengue-1 DNA vaccine containing sequences encoding premembrane and envelope proteins (DIME) was previously shown to elicit virus neutralizing antibodies in rhesus and Aotus monkeys, and the primates were partially protected from viremia upon challenge. To increase the neutralizing antibody levels and subsequent protection from virus challenge, four(More)
A candidate vaccine (D1ME-VRP) expressing dengue virus type 1 premembrane and envelope proteins in a Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus replicon particle (VRP) system was constructed and tested in conjunction with a plasmid DNA vaccine (D1ME-DNA) expressing identical dengue virus sequences. Cynomolgus macaques were vaccinated with three doses of DNA(More)
A candidate DNA vaccine expressing dengue virus type 1 pre-membrane and envelope proteins was used to immunize rhesus macaques. Monkeys were immunized intramuscularly (i.m.) or intradermally (i.d.) by three or four 1 mg doses of vaccine, respectively. Monkeys that were inoculated i.m. seroconverted more quickly and had higher antibody levels than those that(More)
We have previously shown that a dengue virus type 1 DNA vaccine expressing premembrane (prM) and envelope (E) genes was immunogenic in mice and monkeys and that rhesus monkeys vaccinated with this construct were completely to partially protected from virus challenge. In order to improve the immunogenicity of dengue DNA vaccines, we have evaluated the effect(More)
We explored the feasibility of collecting convalescent plasma for passive immunotherapy of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection by using ELISA to screen serum samples from 443 potential plasma donors: 196 patients with suspected or laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV infection, 230 healthcare workers, and 17 household contacts exposed(More)
Candidate dengue DNA vaccine constructs for each dengue serotype were developed by incorporating pre-membrane and envelope genes into a plasmid vector. A Phase 1 clinical trial was performed using the dengue virus serotype-1 (DENV-1) vaccine construct (D1ME(100)). The study was an open-label, dose-escalation, safety and immunogenicity trial involving 22(More)
A dengue (DEN) virus type 3 DNA vaccine expressing pre-membrane and envelope genes was tested for immunogenicity and protective efficacy in Aotus monkeys. Five of six vaccinated animals demonstrated moderate DEN-specific antibody responses as measured by ELISA and virus neutralization in vitro. By contrast, none of the six control animals developed(More)