Kanae Kubota

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Mushroom bodies (MB) are insect brain centers involved in learning and other complex behaviors and they are particularly large in ants. We describe the larval and pupal development of the MB in the carpenter ant, Camponotus japonicus. Based on morphological cues, we characterized the stages of preimaginal development of worker ants. We then describe(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) elicits the innate immune response and can trigger septic shock if excessive. Two antibodies (HT4 and HT52) inhibit LPS-induced human TLR4 activation via novel LPS binding-independent mechanisms. The HT52 epitope resides on leucine-rich repeat 2 (LRR2) and is a feature of many(More)
Excessive activation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/MD-2 by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes septic shock. We previously produced an inhibitory antibody, HT52, against LPS-induced human TLR4 activation independently of LPS binding of MD-2. Consistent with the hypothesis that HT52 recognizes the epitopes inherent to inhibitory antibodies, we generated an(More)
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