Kana Yamashita

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Forest trees have ecological and economic importance, and Japanese cedar has highly valued wood attributes. Thus, studies of molecular aspects of wood formation offer practical information that may be used for screening and forward genetics approaches to improving wood quality. After identifying expressed sequence tags in Japanese cedar tissue undergoing(More)
Cover photos, top to bottom: a. Stakeholder engagement meeting in the Alto Mayo REDD+ initiative, Peru. b. Muriqui monkey (Brachytelles hypoxanthus) in the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. c. Aerial view of a Kayapó village in the Xingu Basin, Brazil. d. Field visit to a restoration site in the Quirino reforestation initiative, Philippines. Lessons learned from(More)
The longitudinal shrinkage variations within trees and the relationship with density, microfibril angle, and modulus of elasticity were examined for five sugi cultivars selected for different within-tree distributions of density, microfibril angle, and modulus of elasticity. The cultivars showed significant differences in longitudinal shrinkage and in its(More)
 Three-dimensional distribution of water in the heartwood of Cryptomeria japonica D. Don was observed by soft X-ray photography. The within-tree variation in the distribution of “wet areas” (water-accumulated areas in heartwood) was enormous, as was the variation among trees. Although we found no universal pattern of changes in wet area distributions along(More)
The mechanism of heartwood formation in Cryptomeria japonica D. Don has long been studied since heartwood formation is a fundamental physiological feature of trees. In this study, the water distribution in the xylem of C. japonica was investigated at the cellular level to reveal the role of water distribution in the xylem during heartwood formation. Samples(More)
To evaluate the bow variation in boxed-heart square timber of sugi (Cryptomeria japonica), bows from kiln-dried timber for five sugi cultivars with different longitudinal shrinkage trends were compared for two stem heights. Two general trends were observed, depending on the cultivar: (1) either the bow was larger at the lower than at the upper part of the(More)
Tree-ring chronologies were developed fromAbies mariesii Masters andPicea jezoensis ssp.hondoensis (Mayr) P. Schmidt collected at different altitudes of Mt. Norikura, central Japan. The tree-ring parameters of ring width and maximum density were measured by soft X-ray densitometry. The measurement series were detrended by fitting a 33-year cubic smoothing(More)
The transverse shrinkage variation within trees was examined for five sugi cultivars. The within-tree trends of tangential shrinkage (α T) were different by cultivar, whereas radial shrinkage (α R) increased from pith to bark in most cultivars. The tangential/radial shrinkage ratio (α T/α R) decreased from pith to bark in most cultivars, because the radial(More)
A use of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for rapidly predicting the longitudinal growth strain (LGS), as a detector of growth stress, was described. NIR spectra and LGS were measured from peripheral locations of three Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) green logs. Partial least squares regression model for predicting LGS was developed using the spectral range(More)
To investigate the factors affecting the surface-check variation in boxed-heart square timber of sugi (Cryptomeria japonica), surface checks formed by the conventional kiln drying were compared for two stem heights of five cultivars with different wood properties. The total length and average length of the surface checks were greater at the upper part of(More)