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Air-breathing divers are assumed to have evolved to apportion their time between surface and underwater periods to maximize the benefit gained from diving activities. However, whether they change their time allocation depending on the aim of the dive is still unknown. This may be particularly crucial for 'surfacers' because they dive for various purposes in(More)
The authors have achieved a remarkably wide range (~1.2 V) of differences in flatband voltage (V<sub>fb</sub>) by using a combination of metal alloy (Pt-W)/La2O3 gate stacks. The controllable range is about 3 times greater than that of Hf-based gate stacks. The wide range of V <sub>fb</sub> can be maintained even after annealing in forming gas and oxidizing(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. We report a measurement of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate from(More)
Animals are assumed to obtain/conserve energy effectively to maximise their fitness, which manifests itself in a variety of behavioral strategies. For marine animals, however, these behavioral strategies are generally unknown due to the lack of high-resolution monitoring techniques in marine habitats. As large marine herbivores, immature green turtles do(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Double Chooz is unique among modern reactor-based neutrino experiments studying ¯ νe disappearance in that data can be collected with all reactors off. In this paper, we present data from 7.53 days of reactor-off running. Applying the same(More)
A combinatorial ternary composition spread method, which included continuous ternary and binary compositions, was applied for new materials exploration for the future gate stack structure, rapid estimation of permittivity are carried out by microwave microscope as well as conventional C-V measurement. Structural analyses are performed systematically by(More)
Citation Abe, Y. et al. " Indication of Reactor [over ¯]_{e} Disappearance in the Double Chooz Experiment. Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access(More)
Oxidation process of HfO<sub>2</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub>/Si(001) structures during annealing in dry oxygen is studied by high-resolution Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. During the growth of the interfacial SiO<sub>2</sub> layer, surface accumulation of Si is observed. This indicates that silicon species are emitted from the SiO <sub>2</sub>/Si interface(More)
Citation Abe, Y. et al. " Reactor [subscript e] disappearance in the Double Chooz experiment. " Physical Review D 86.5 (2012). Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share(More)
OBJECTIVES The Mycoses Forum in Japan has developed management bundles for candidaemia to incorporate into bedside practice. The aim of this study was to investigate nationwide compliance with the bundles and their impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS Non-neutropenic patients treated with antifungals for candidaemia were surveyed. Bundles consist of nine(More)