Kana Ishii

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Using a microdialysis technique, we continuously infused d-kynurenine (KYN) (0, 50, and 100 μM) into the prefrontal cortices (PFCs) of male Sprague–Dawley rats. We then used column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography to assess the alterations in the concentration of kynurenic acid (KYNA)—an antagonist of N-methyl-d-aspartate and α7 nicotinic(More)
Similar to L-tryptophan (L-Trp), D-Trp can be converted to unique metabolites in the mammalian body. In the present study, the difference in the plasma half-life (t(1/2)) between Trp enantiomers was investigated by following the alterations in the plasma concentration of D- or L-Trp after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of each enantiomer to male(More)
An aqueous solution of enantiomerically pure tryptophan (Trp), namely, D-Trp or L-Trp (100 mg/kg), was administered intraperitoneally to male Sprague-Dawley rats. The time-course profiles of the rat plasma concentrations of D-kynurenine (KYN), L-KYN, and kynurenic acid (KYNA), which are metabolites of D- or L-Trp, were investigated using high-performance(More)
The enantiomeric separation of D,L-tryptophan (Trp) and D,L-kynurenine (KYN) was investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography using pre-column fluorescence derivatization with a chiral fluorescent labeling reagent, R(-)-4-(3-isothiocyanatopyrrolidin-1-yl)-7- (N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole [R(-)-DBD-PyNCS]. Using an(More)
Teneurin-4 (Ten-4), a transmembrane protein, is expressed in the nervous systems and the mesenchymal tissues, including the cartilage. However, the Ten-4 function in cartilage development remains unknown. Here, we showed that Ten-4 is a novel regulator of chondrogenesis. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that Ten-4 was highly expressed in the(More)
The concentration of brain N-acetylaspartic acid (NAA) in mice was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using fluorescence detection after pre-column derivatization with 4-N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl-7-N-(2-aminoethyl)amino-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (DBD-ED). Six different brain parts, namely, the prefrontal cortex, olfactory bulb, nucleus(More)
A determination method for 3-methylpyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (MPC), an inhibitor of D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO), in rat plasma was developed by using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The structural isomer of MPC, 3-methylpyrazole-4-carboxylic acid, was used as an internal standard, and the intra- and inter-day accuracies(More)
Kynurenic acid (KYNA), an endogenous antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate and α(7) nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, is one of the L-tryptophan (Trp) metabolites. To compare the level of KYNA produced in the striatum of rats after independent administration of L-Trp and D-Trp, rats were intraperitoneally administered L-Trp and/or D-Trp (100 mg/kg), and a(More)
Satellite cells are maintained in an undifferentiated quiescent state, but during muscle regeneration they acquire an activated stage, and initiate to proliferate and differentiate as myoblasts. The transmembrane protein teneurin-4 (Ten-4) is specifically expressed in the quiescent satellite cells; however, its cellular and molecular functions remain(More)