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An improved procedure was developed whereby a primary light signal can be intensified and made visible by activation of a pre-tyrosinase (pre-phenoloxidase) enzyme [isolated from silkworm (Bombyx mori)] by alpha-chymotrypsin; this activation results from the light-activated conversion of the inactive cis-cinnamoyl-alpha-chymotrypsin.
Alpha-Chymotrypsin was light sensitized by acylating with cis-cinnamoyl ester, a substrate interconvertible to the trans form by ultraviolet (UV) light. The degree of acylation by this method was complete leaving no residual activity of the enzyme. Upon UV irradiation the inhibited enzyme regained about 70% of its original activity, thereby adding… (More)