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Interleukin (IL)-18 is an important regulator of innate and acquired immune responses. Here we show that both the IL-18 and IL-18 receptor (IL-18R), which are induced in spinal dorsal horn, are crucial for tactile allodynia after nerve injury. Nerve injury induced a striking increase in IL-18 and IL-18R expression in the dorsal horn, and IL-18 and IL-18R(More)
Clinically, it has been reported that chronic pain induces depression, anxiety, and reduced quality of life. The endogenous opioid system has been implicated in nociception, anxiety, and stress. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether chronic pain could induce anxiogenic effects and changes in the opioidergic function in the amygdala in(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in innate immune responses and in the initiation of adaptive immune responses. Microglia, the resident innate immune cells in the CNS, express TLRs. In this study, we show that TLR3 is crucial for spinal cord glial activation and tactile allodynia after peripheral nerve injury. Intrathecal administration of(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of spinal voltage-dependent calcium channel alpha(2)delta-1 subunit in the expression of a neuropathic pain-like state induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation in mice. In cultured spinal neurons, gabapentin (GBP), which displays the inhibitory effect of alpha(2)delta-1 subunit, suppressed the(More)
Central mechanisms of neuropathy induced by chronic ethanol treatment are almost unknown. In this study, rats were treated with ethanol-diet for 72 days. Mechanical hyperalgesia was observed during ethanol consumption, even after ethanol withdrawal. Under these conditions, a microglial marker ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1-, but not a neuron(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate pharmacological actions induced by morphine and oxycodone under a neuropathic pain-like state. In the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) binding study and G-protein activation, we confirmed that both morphine and oxycodone showed MOR agonistic activities. Mice with sciatic nerve ligation exhibited the marked neuropathic(More)
It has been widely recognized that chronic pain could cause physiological changes at supraspinal levels. The delta-opioidergic system is involved in antinociception, emotionality, immune response and neuron-glia communication. In this study, we show that mice with chronic pain exhibit anxiety-like behavior and an increase of astrocytes in the cingulate(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Changes in the properties of visceral sensory neurons contribute to the development of gastrointestinal pain. However, little is known about the molecules involved in mechanosensation from the gastrointestinal tract. We investigated the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), a member of the mitogen-activated(More)
Alcohol neuropathy has been thought to involve decreased nerve function following chronic ethanol consumption. However, there is no reliably successful therapy, largely due to a lack of understanding of the central underlying mechanisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms that contribute to the neuropathic pain-like state induced by(More)
The chloroform extract from Ganoderma lucidum broth markedly inhibited histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. From the active fractions, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid were isolated. Oleic acid dose-dependently inhibited the histamine release and 45Ca uptake into mast cells induced by compound 48/80 and A-23187 at(More)