Kamlesh P Vyas

Learn More
Simvastatin (SV) is a lactone prodrug used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Upon incubation of SV with liver microsomal preparations from human donors, four major metabolic products were formed (3'-hydroxy SV, 6'-exomethylene SV, 3',5'-dihydrodiol SV, and the active hydroxy acid, SVA), together with several minor unidentified metabolites. The(More)
Simvastatin (SV), an analog of lovastatin, is the lactone form of 1', 2', 6', 7', 8', 8a'-hexahydro-3,5-dihydroxy-2', 6'-dimethyl-8' (2", 2"-dimethyl-1"-oxobutoxy)-1'-naphthalene-heptanoic acid (SVA) which lowers plasma cholesterol by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase. SV but not its corresponding hydroxy acid form SVA underwent microsomal(More)
Previous studies from our laboratories have shown that the metabolism of the cholesterol-lowering drug lovastatin by rat and human liver microsomes occurs primarily at the 6'-position, giving 6' beta-hydroxy- and 6'-exomethylene-lovastatin and that these oxidations are catalyzed by cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases. In the present study, the specific(More)
Lovastatin is a prodrug lactone whose open-chain 3,5-dihydroxy acid is a potent, competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis. The compound undergoes extensive and complex metabolism in animals and humans, with the metabolites excreted predominantly in bile. Radiochromatograms(More)
Rofecoxib is a potent and highly selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor used for the treatment of osteoarthritis and pain. Following administration of [4-(14)C]rofecoxib to intact rats, the plasma C(max) (at approximately 1 h) was followed by a secondary C(max) (at approximately 10 h), which was not observed in bile duct-cannulated rats. Following(More)
Structures of in vitro microsomal and in vivo metabolites of lovastatin, a new cholesterol-lowering drug, were elucidated with the combined application of HPLC, UV, fast atom bombardment-MS, and NMR spectroscopy. Liver microsomes from rats and mice catalyzed the biotransformation of lovastatin, primarily at the 6'-position of the molecule, to form(More)
Drug-metabolizing enzymes were studied in subcellular fractions of dog, monkey, and human small intestines, and in the human adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2, a commonly used in vitro absorption model. Immunoblot analysis indicated the presence of enzymes related to cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1/CYP1A2, CYP2D6, CYP3A, and carboxylesterases (ESs) in human and(More)
Compound A [(+)-(5S,6R,7R)-2-isopropylamino-7-[4-methoxy-2-((2R)-3-methoxy-2-methylpropyl)-5-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl) cyclopenteno [1,2-b] pyridine 6-carboxylic acid] is a new and selective endothelin ET(A) receptor antagonist. It underwent significant acyl glucuronidation and acyl glucosidation in human liver microsomes supplemented with UDP-glucuronic(More)
Absolute configurations of the arene 1,2-oxides formed from napththalene and anthracene by cytochrome P-450c, the predominant isozyme of cytochrome P-450 found in the livers of rats treated with 3-methylcholanthrene, were determined via two different approaches. The first consisted of trapping the arene oxides with N-acetyl-L-cysteine to form S-conjugates,(More)