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BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections that facilitate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition by over two fold or more. The development of HSV-2 control methods as a measure to control HIV epidemic in high HSV-2/HIV areas has become a priority. Two out of the six high HIV prevalent(More)
Past studies with Vibrio cholerae have shown that cholera toxin (CT) is mainly responsible for inducing T helper type 2 (Th2) responses with systemic IgG1, IgE and mucosal secretory IgA (sIgA) antibodies. In this study, V. cholerae WO7, which produces novel toxin unrelated to CT, was given orally to mice in order to determine whether the strain V. cholerae(More)
Vibrio cholerae WO7 (serogroup O1) isolated from patients with diarrhea produces an extracellular toxin despite the absence of ctx, zot, and ace genes from its genome. The toxin elongates Chinese hamster ovary cells, produces fluid accumulation in ligated rabbit ileal loops, and agglutinates freshly isolated rabbit erythrocytes. Maximal production of this(More)
BACKGROUND With a population of 1.1 billion, India is considered to be a country in which effective prevention interventions could contain the development of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. Heterosexual transmission accounts for 85 % of the extant HIV infections. PURPOSE This study sought to assess the feasibility of conducting a group,(More)
Dear Editor, Acute infectious diarrhoea continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children in low income countries. Among bacterial isolates, Shigella spp and Salmonella spp are known to contribute to the high burden of this illness in children. Recent literature survey reveals a sharp declining of prevalence of S. Typhi, while(More)
PURPOSE The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was conducted at All India(More)
OBJECTIVES Aeromonas spp producing carbapenemases is of great concern in health-care settings and also known to acquire clinically relevant resistance genes. In this study, carbapenem non-susceptible Aeromonas isolates were characterized for their molecular mechanism. METHOD Out of 180 Aeromonas isolates, 10 carbapenem non-susceptible isolates were(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES The interactions between HIV and malaria co-infection have been shown to influence each other in their clinical outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study was carried out in the two States of north east India endemic for both HIV and malaria infections, to study the interactions between the two diseases in the HIV-infected(More)