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Cyphellophora and Phialophora (Chaetothyriales, Pezizomycota) comprise species known from skin infections of humans and animals and from a variety of environmental sources. These fungi were studied based on the comparison of cultural and morphological features and phylogenetic analyses of five nuclear loci, i.e., internal transcribed spacer rDNA operon(More)
Kink-turns (K-turns) are recurrent elbow-like RNA motifs that participate in protein-assisted RNA folding and contribute to RNA dynamics. We carried out a set of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using parm99 and parmbsc0 force fields to investigate structural dynamics of the box C/D RNA and its complexes with two proteins: native archaeal L7ae protein(More)
The hepatitis delta virus (HDV) ribozyme is an RNA enzyme from the human pathogenic HDV. Cations play a crucial role in self-cleavage of the HDV ribozyme, by promoting both folding and chemistry. Experimental studies have revealed limited but intriguing details on the location and structural and catalytic functions of metal ions. Here, we analyze a total of(More)
Ribozymes are catalytically competent examples of highly structured noncoding RNAs, which are ubiquitous in the processing and regulation of genetic information. Combining explicit-solvent molecular dynamics simulation and single molecule fluorescence spectroscopy approaches, we find that a ribozyme from a subviral plant pathogen exhibits a coupled hydrogen(More)
Ribosomal RNA K-turn motifs are asymmetric internal loops characterized by a sharp bend in the phosphodiester backbone resulting in "V" shaped structures, recurrently observed in ribosomes and showing a high degree of sequence conservation. We have carried out extended explicit solvent molecular dynamics simulations of selected K-turns, in order to(More)
The presence of Kink-turns (Kt) at key functional sites in the ribosome (e.g., A-site finger and L7/L12 stalk) suggests that some Kink-turns can confer flexibility on RNA protuberances that regulate the traversal of tRNAs during translocation. Explicit solvent molecular dynamics demonstrates that Kink-turns can act as flexible molecular elbows. Kink-turns(More)
Explicit solvent and counterion molecular dynamics simulations have been carried out for a total of >80 ns on the bacterial and spinach chloroplast 5S rRNA Loop E motifs. The Loop E sequences form unique duplex architectures composed of seven consecutive non-Watson-Crick basepairs. The starting structure of spinach chloroplast Loop E was modeled using(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were employed to investigate the structure, dynamics, and local base-pair step deformability of the free 16S ribosomal helix 44 from Thermus thermophilus and of a canonical A-RNA double helix. While helix 44 is bent in the crystal structure of the small ribosomal subunit, the simulated helix 44 is intrinsically straight.(More)
Explicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were carried out for three RNA kissing-loop complexes. The theoretical structure of two base pairs (2 bp) complex of H3 stem-loop of Moloney murine leukemia virus agrees with the NMR structure with modest violations of few NMR restraints comparable to violations present in the NMR structure. In contrast(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of RNA-protein complex between Escherichia coli loop E/helix IV (LE/HeIV) rRNA and L25 protein reveal a qualitative agreement between the experimental and simulated structures. The major groove of LE is a prominent rRNA cation-binding site. Divalent cations rigidify the LE major groove geometry whereas in the absence of(More)