Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early brain injury is an important pathological process after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The goal of this study was to evaluate whether the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) agonist PNU-282987 attenuates early brain injury after SAH and whether α7nAChR stimulation is associated with down-regulation of caspase activity(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Perihematomal edema formation and consequent cell death contribute to the delayed brain injury evoked by intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to evaluate the effect of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) stimulation on behavior, brain edema, and neuronal apoptosis. Furthermore, we aimed to determine the role of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neuronal apoptosis is a key pathological process in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced early brain injury. Given that recombinant osteopontin (rOPN), a promising neuroprotectant, cannot pass through the blood-brain barrier, we aimed to examine whether nasal administration of rOPN prevents neuronal apoptosis after experimental SAH.(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and brain edema are important pathophysiologies of early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study is to evaluate whether Rho kinase (Rock) enhances BBB permeability via disruption of tight junction proteins during early brain injury. Adult male rats were assigned to five groups; Sham-operated, SAH(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) results in significant long-lasting cognitive dysfunction. Therefore, evaluating acute and long-term outcomes after therapeutic intervention is important for clinical translation. The aim of this study was to use minocycline, a known neuroprotectant agent, to evaluate the long-term benefits in terms of neurobehavior and(More)
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) defines a potentially life-threatening neurological malady that accounts for 10-15% of all stroke-related hospitalizations and for which no effective treatments are available to date(1,2). Because of the heterogeneity of ICH in humans, various preclinical models are needed to thoroughly explore prospective(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether sampling of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) via the cisterna magna and of blood via the heart affects brain water content in a rat subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. Twenty-nine animals were divided into four groups: sham-operated group with sampling of CSF and blood (Sham S+), sham-operated group without sampling(More)
Several reports indicate that the activity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA) is increased after a brain insult and that its down-regulation can improve detrimental outcomes associated with ischemic brain injuries.Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a neuroprotective drug shown in the naïve rat to regulate hormones of the HPA(More)
Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α is the central transcriptional factor for the regulation of oxygen-associated genes in response to hypoxia. Erythropoietin (EPO), a hematopoietic growth factor, increases oxygen availability during hypoxia/ischemia and is associated with neuroprotection following hypoxia–ischemia in laboratory models of stroke. However, EPO(More)
PURPOSE Sodium orthovanadate (SOV) is a representative tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor and has been shown to ameliorate neuronal injury in cerebral ischemia. We hypothesized that tyrosine phosphatase inhibition by SOV might attenuate early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in this study. METHODS The endovascular perforation model of SAH was(More)