Kamesh Pappu

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Ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass is being pursued as an alternative to petroleum-based transportation fuels. To succeed in this endeavour, efficient digestion of cellulose into monomeric sugar streams is a key step. Current production systems for cellulase enzymes, i.e. fungi and bacteria, cannot meet the cost and huge volume requirements of this(More)
Fully deuterated yeast phosphoglycerate kinase ([2H]PGK) was prepared biosynthetically with only histidine side chains of normal (1H) isotopic composition. The 1H NMR spectrum of this enzyme ([1H]His[2H]PGK) showed that the histidine side chains are clearly visible as sharp signals. Thus detailed structural studies by 1H NMR became feasible with(More)
Ras is a guanine nucleotide-binding protein that cycles between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound states to regulate a diverse array of cellular processes, including cell growth, apoptosis, and differentiation. The guanine nucleotide-bound state of Ras is tightly maintained by regulatory factors to promote regulated growth control. A class of(More)
Suicide substrate beta, gamma-bidentate Rh(III)ATP (RhATP) was used to map the metal ion-binding site in yeast phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK). Cleavage of the RhATP-inactivated enzyme with pepsin and subsequent separation of peptides by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography gave two Rh-nucleotide bound peptides. One of the peptides(More)
An exchange-inert Rh(H2O)4ATP complex showed a one-turnover substrate activity with yeast phosphoglycerate kinase. Transfer of the phosphoryl group between ATP and 3-phosphoglycerate occurs with both substrates in the coordination sphere of the metal ion. Because of the slow ligand exchange rates of Rh3+, the reaction product 1,3-diphosphoglycerate(More)
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